Qiuhua Zhang

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PURPOSE To report cases of intraocular inflammation after intracameral injection of a very high dose of cefuroxime at the end of uneventful cataract surgery. SETTING Department of Ophthalmology, Bordeaux University Hospital, Bordeaux, France. DESIGN Case series. METHODS Patients were followed on an outpatient basis and were examined postoperatively at(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether Compound 49b, a novel PKA-activating drug, can prevent diabetic-like changes in the rat retina through increased insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) levels. METHODS For the cell culture studies, we used both human retinal endothelial cells (REC) and retinal Müller cells in either 5 mM (normal) or 25 mM(More)
PURPOSE We hypothesized that loss of insulin-like growth factor binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3) signaling would produce neuronal changes in the retina similar to early diabetes. METHODS To understand better the role of IGFBP-3 in the retina, IGFBP-3 knockout (KO) mice were evaluated for neuronal, vascular, and functional changes compared to wild-type(More)
PURPOSE Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) is cytoprotective in the retina. The goal of this study was to investigate whether IGFBP-3 inhibits monocyte-endothelial cell adhesion associated with hyperglycemia. METHODS Human retinal vascular endothelial cells (RECs) were grown in normal (5 mM), medium (15 mM), or high glucose medium (25(More)
Diabetes-induced changes in growth factor binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) have been linked to decreased insulin receptor signaling in diabetic retinopathy. Our previous studies in retinas of diabetic rats have shown that Compound 49b, a novel β-adrenergic receptor agonist, prevented diabetic changes by increasing IGFBP-3(More)
There is considerable evidence from our lab and others for a functional link between β-adrenergic receptor and insulin receptor signaling pathways in retina. Furthermore, we hypothesize that this link may contribute to lesions similar to diabetic retinopathy in that the loss of adrenergic input observed in diabetic retinopathy may disrupt normal(More)
Purpose. Super-selective intra-ophthalmic artery chemotherapy (SSIOAC) is an eye-targeted drug-delivery strategy to treat retinoblastoma, the most prevalent primary ocular malignancy in children. Unfortunately, recent clinical reports associate adverse vascular toxicities with SSIOAC using melphalan, the most commonly used chemotherapeutic. Methods. To(More)
The goal of this study was to investigate whether insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 receptor (IGFBP-3 receptor) is required for IGFBP-3 to inhibit retinal endothelial cell (REC) apoptosis. REC were grown in normal glucose (5 mM) or high glucose medium (25 mM) for 3 days. Once cells reached confluence, they were transfected with an endothelial-(More)
PURPOSE The goal of this study was to determine whether Compound 49b stimulates insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) activation in retinal endothelial cells (REC) through DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK). METHODS REC were grown in a normal glucose (5 mM) or high glucose medium (25 mM). Some cells were transfected with protein kinase(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether a novel NF-κB inhibitor, KZ-41, can inhibit melphalan's actions on retinal endothelial cell (REC) inflammation and apoptosis, without eliminating the chemotherapeutic efficacy of melphalan on cell death of retinoblastoma cells (Y79). METHODS RECs were cultured in M131 medium supplemented with growth factors and antibiotics.(More)