Qiuhong H Fang

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Bone marrow (stem/progenitor) cells have been shown to "differentiate" into cells in multiple tissues, including lung. A low number of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells also circulate in peripheral blood. The physiologic roles of these cells are still uncertain. This study was designed to test, using parabiotic mice that were joined surgically, whether(More)
Proteolytic cleavages play an important role in reovirus infection during entry into cells. The effects of protease digestion on the morphology, infectivity and polypeptide composition of grass carp reovirus (GCRV) were investigated. Following treatment with chymotrypsin, the different subviral particles of GCRV were isolated using density gradient(More)
BACKGROUND We have previously reported that low concentrations of cigarette smoke extract induce DNA damage without leading to apoptosis or necrosis in human bronchial epithelial cells (HBECs), and that IL-6/STAT3 signaling contributes to the cell survival. Since NF-kappaB is also involved in regulating apoptosis and cell survival, the current study was(More)
Whether DNA damage caused by cigarette smoke leads to repair or apoptosis has not been fully elucidated. The current study demonstrates that cigarette smoke induces single-strand DNA damage in human bronchial epithelial cells. Cigarette smoke also stimulated caspase 3 precursors as well as intact poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) production, but did not(More)
Cigarette smoke contains thousands of chemicals, many of which may contribute to cytotoxicity and carcinogenesis. Using assays detecting DNA strand breaks (terminal transferase dUTP nick end labeling [TUNEL]) and DNA content (flow cytometry), we evaluated the genotoxic effect of cigarette smoke extract (CSE) on human fetal lung fibroblasts (HFL-1) cultured(More)
TGF-beta signals through TGF-beta receptors and Smad proteins. TGF-beta also augments fibroblast-mediated collagen gel contraction, an in vitro model of connective tissue remodeling. To investigate the importance of Smad2 or Smad3 in this augmentation process, embryo-derived fibroblasts from mice lacking expression of Smad2 or Smad3 genes were cast into(More)
BACKGROUND T(H)2 and T(H)1 cytokines have opposite effects on many aspects of the inflammatory response. METHODS This study was designed to determine if cytokines possibly present in asthma can modulate airway smooth muscle cell (ASMC) production of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and thus contribute to altered airway vascularity. ASMC were(More)
Apoptosis of lung structural cells is crucial in the process of normal tissue repair. Insufficient apoptosis of lung fibroblasts may contribute to the development of fibrosis. Since the CC chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2) is associated with fibrotic disease and the cytokine IL-6 blocks apoptosis in many cell types, we hypothesized that CCL2 may contribute to the(More)
Repair of tissues is a necessary step in restoring tissue function following injury consequent to inflammation. Many inflammatory mediators are capable of modulating not only the activity of "inflammatory cells" but also of modulating functions of parenchymal cells that may contribute to repair. Disordered repair is believed to contribute to tissue(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) is a key factor in a variety of physiological and pathological processes. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a key angiogenic factor, and vascular change is one of the features of airway remodeling. We examined the effect of TGF-beta1 on VEGF production by fibroblasts from mice lacking expression of(More)