Qiu-chen Cheng

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In the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe, septation and constriction of the actomyosin ring for cell division are positively regulated by the Spg1 GTPase, a member of the Ras superfamily. Spg1 is negatively regulated by Byr4 and Cdc16, which together form a two-component GTPase-activating protein for the Spg1 GTPase. To better understand how Byr4(More)
Cytokinesis and septation in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe are studied as a model for mammalian cell division. In fission yeast, septation is positively regulated by Spg1, a Ras family GTPase that localizes to spindle-pole bodies (SPBs) throughout the cell cycle. As cells enter mitosis, Spg1 accumulates in an active, GTP-bound form and binds(More)
The yeast Candida cloacae is capable of growing on alkanes and fatty acids as sole carbon sources. Transfer of cultures from a glucose medium to one containing oleic acid induced seven proteins of M(r) 102,000, 73,000, 61,000, 54,000, and 46,000 and two in the region of M(r) 45,000 and repressed a protein of M(r) 64,000. The induction of the M(r) 73,000(More)
Ectodomain cleavage of the ErbB-4 receptor tyrosine kinase generates a membrane-associated fragment of 80 kDa (m80) that has been subjected to N-terminal sequencing. The sequence obtained shows that the N terminus of this fragment begins with Ser-652 of ErbB-4. When a 12-residue peptide corresponding to ErbB-4 residues 646-657 was incubated with recombinant(More)
Although genetic alterations of chromosome band 9p21-22 occur frequently in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cell lines, alterations of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p16INK4a located in this region are less common in corresponding primary tumors. To further investigate genetic alterations at 9p21-22 and p16INK4a in primary HNSCC, a(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about the molecular genetic events that contribute to the pathogenesis of squamous cell carcinoma of the upper aerodigestive tract. Previous molecular genetic studies have been limited to the identification of mutations of the p53 (also known as TP53) tumor suppressor gene, activation of a limited set of oncogenes, allelic loss at(More)
The ErbB-4 receptor tyrosine kinase homo- and heterodimerizes following heregulin binding, which provokes increased levels of tyrosine autophosphorylation. Unique to the ErbB family, ErbB-4 is then proteolytically cleaved by alpha- and gamma-secretase to produce an 80 kDa intracellular domain (s80 ICD) fragment. This fragment is found in both the cytoplasm(More)
PURPOSE To characterize mRNA expression and protein production of the cytokine MGSA/gro in human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells and to determine whether expression of MGSA/gro is modulated by serum and the cytokines interleukin 1 beta (IL-1 beta), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha), or transforming growth factor beta (TGF beta) mediators(More)
The human melanoma growth-stimulatory activities (MGSA alpha, beta, gamma/GRO) are products of immediate early genes coding for cytokines that exhibit sequence similarity to platelet factor-4 and beta-thromboglobulin. MGSA/GRO alpha has been demonstrated to partially complete for binding to the approximately 58-kDa neutrophil receptor for another(More)
The activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase cascades by the Ras GTPase is an evolutionarily conserved signal transduction mechanism. To better understand the interaction between Ras and its target kinase, we study the yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe where the Ras1 GTPase activates the Byr2 kinase. Cell fractionation and immunofluorescence showed that(More)