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Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is a well-recognised inhibitor of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS). The aim of this study was to investigate the signalling pathway of PGE2 in beta cell function regulation in HIT-T15 cells and isolated rat islets. mRNA levels of the prostaglandin E receptor 3 (Ptger3) were measured by real-time PCR. Western blot analysis(More)
AIMS We have recently reported that microRNA-34a (miR-34a) regulates vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) differentiation from stem cells in vitro and in vivo. However, little is known about the functional involvements of miR-34a in VSMC functions and vessel injury-induced neointima formation. In the current study, we aimed to establish the causal role of(More)
Nephroblastoma overexpressed (NOV) is a member of the CCN family (connective tissue growth factor, CYR61, and NOV) of proteins that are involved in regulating the proliferation, differentiation, and adhesion of a variety of cell types. We have examined the expression of the NOV: gene and NOV protein by vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), in vitro and in(More)
Abnormal angiogenesis and vascular remodeling contribute to pathogenesis of a number of disorders such as tumor, arthritis, atherosclerosis, restenosis, hypertension, and neurodegeneration. During angiogenesis and vascular remodeling, behaviors of stem/progenitor cells, endothelial cells (ECs), and vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and its interaction(More)
OBJECTIVE In this study, we attempted to uncover the functional impact of microRNA-22 (miR-22) and its target gene in smooth muscle cell (SMC) differentiation and delineate the molecular mechanism involved. APPROACH AND RESULTS miR-22 was found to be significantly upregulated during SMC differentiation from embryonic stem cells and adventitia(More)
Embryonic stem cells (ES cells), the pluripotent derivatives of the inner cell mass from blastocysts, have the capacity for unlimited growth, self-renewal and differentiation toward all types of somatic cells. Angiotensin II (Ang II), the most important effector peptide of the renin-angiotensin system, is also an angiogenesis factor. However, the potential(More)
Matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP8) has been shown to influence various cellular functions. As monocytes and macrophages (Mφ) express MMP8, we investigated if MMP8 played a role in macrophage differentiation and polarization. MMP8 expression was significantly increased during monocyte differentiation into Mφ. Monocyte-derived Mφ from MMP8-deficient mice(More)
BACKGROUND MicroRNA miR-214 has been implicated in many biological cellular functions, but the impact of miR-214 and its target genes on vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation, migration, and neointima smooth muscle cell hyperplasia is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS Expression of miR-214 was closely regulated by different pathogenic stimuli in(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor B (VEGF-B) was discovered a long time ago. However, its role in hyperglycemia- and VEGF-A inhibition-induced retinal apoptosis remains unknown thus far. Yet, drugs that can block VEGF-B are being used to treat patients with diabetic retinopathy and other ocular neovascular diseases. It is therefore urgent to have a better(More)
ROS are a group of small reactive molecules that play critical roles in the regulation of various cell functions and biological processes. In the vascular system, physiological levels of ROS are essential for normal vascular functions including endothelial homeostasis and smooth muscle cell contraction. In contrast, uncontrolled overproduction of ROS(More)