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The product of the retinoblastoma tumor suppressor gene (pRb) and p107 share a high degree of structural homology in the pocket region, which is thought to play a primary role in the function of these proteins. It is conceivable that there exists a larger family of cellular proteins containing this pocket region. In this communication, we report cloning of(More)
The chemokine receptor CXCR4 is shared by primary and laboratory-adapted strains of feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) for viral entry. Our previous studies implicated a contiguous nine-amino-acid region of the V3 loop of the FIV envelope surface as important in CXCR4 binding and virus entry. The binding is specific for CXCR4 since it can be inhibited by(More)
Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) OrfA is an accessory protein that is critical for productive viral replication and infection in T cells. Here, we show that OrfA acts to markedly reduce cell surface expression of the FIV primary binding receptor. Downregulation does not occur at the transcriptional or translational level in that the amounts of CD134 mRNA(More)
Similar to HIV, FIV uses a two-receptor mechanism to infect CD4(+) T cells, the primary target cells in the cat. The T cell activation marker, CD134, serves as a primary binding receptor similar to the role of CD4 for HIV and facilitates interaction with the entry receptor, CXCR4. Heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPG) can also act as binding receptors for(More)
Heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) act as binding receptors or attachment factors for the viral envelope of many viruses, including strains of HIV and feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV). The FIV gp95 glycoprotein (SU) from laboratory-adapted strains (tissue culture adapted [TCA]) such as FIV-34TF10 can bind to HSPG, whereas SU from field strains (FS)(More)
NEK8 (never in mitosis gene A (NIMA)-related kinase 8) is involved in cytoskeleton, cilia, and DNA damage response/repair. Abnormal expression and/or dysfunction of NEK8 are related to cancer development and progression. However, the mechanisms that regulate NEK8 are not well declared. We demonstrated here that pVHL may be involved in regulating NEK8. We(More)
Dysregulation of β-catenin turnover due to mutations of its regulatory proteins including adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) and p53 is implicated in the pathogenesis of cancer. Thus, intensive effort is being made to search for alternative approaches to reduce abnormally activated β-catenin in cancer cells. Nur77, an orphan member of the nuclear receptor(More)
Toxicarioside D (1), a new cardenolide, along with 10 other known ones, was isolated from the stem of Antiaris toxicaria LESCH. by bioassay-guided fractionation. Their structures were determined on the basis of spectroscopic analysis. All the reported compounds effectively inhibited the growth of various cancer cell lines at nanomolar concentrations.(More)
PPARgamma agonist DIM-Ph-4-CF(3), a template for RXRalpha agonist (E)-3-[5-di(1-methyl-1H-indol-3-yl)methyl-2-thienyl] acrylic acid: DIM-Ph-CF(3) is reported to inhibit cancer growth independent of PPARgamma and to interact with NR4A1. As both receptors dimerize with RXR, and natural PPARgamma ligands activate RXR, DIM-Ph-4-CF(3) was investigated as an RXR(More)
Heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPG) can act as binding receptors for certain laboratory-adapted (TCA) strains of feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Heparin, a soluble heparin sulfate (HS), can inhibit TCA HIV and FIV entry mediated by HSPG interaction in vitro. In the present study, we further determined the(More)
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