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Oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) was formed ~7500 years ago by hybridization between B. rapa and B. oleracea, followed by chromosome doubling, a process known as allopolyploidy. Together with more ancient polyploidizations, this conferred an aggregate 72× genome multiplication since the origin of angiosperms and high gene content. We examined the B. napus(More)
The fertile and sterile plants were derived from the self-pollinated offspring of the F1 hybrid between the novel restorer line NR1 and the Nsa CMS line in Brassica napus. To elucidate gene expression and regulation caused by the A and C subgenomes of B. napus, as well as the alien chromosome and cytoplasm from Sinapis arvensis during the development of(More)
Polyploidization has provided much genetic variation for plant adaptive evolution, but the mechanisms by which the molecular evolution of polyploid genomes establishes genetic architecture underlying species differentiation are unclear. Brassica is an ideal model to increase knowledge of polyploid evolution. Here we describe a draft genome sequence of(More)
Sclerotinia sclerotiorum causes a highly destructive disease in oilseed rape (Brassica napus). Oxalic acid (OA) secreted by the pathogen is a key pathogenicity factor. Oxalate oxidase (OXO) can oxidize OA into CO2 and H2O2. In this study, we show that transgenic oilseed rape (sixth generation lines) constitutively expressing wheat (Triticum aestivum) OXO(More)
Somatic hybrids between Brassica napus (oilseed rape) and its wild relative Sinapis arvensis (Xinjiang wild mustard) from northwestern China were produced by fusing mesophyll protoplasts. Fifty-four plants were identified as symmetric hybrids and four as asymmetric hybrids by random amplified polymorphic DNA analysis and nuclear DNA content. The morphology(More)
Protoplast fusions between Brassica napus and Orychophragmus violaceus for transfer of valuable traits to oilseed rape resulted in 257 somatic hybrid plants. Hybridity was confirmed by morphological, cytological and molecular means. Symmetric fusions gave rise to 131 plants. Fifty eight of these plants had an intermediate morphology and contained nuclear(More)
BACKGROUND Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation and anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangement may predict the outcome of targeted drug therapy and also are associated with the efficacy of chemotherapy in patients with nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The authors of this report investigated the relation of EGFR mutation or ALK(More)
Three different genes were sequenced from isolates of five plant-pathogenic Verticillium species, Verticillium albo-atrum, Verticillium dahliae, Verticillium longisporum, Verticillium nigrescens, and Verticillium tricorpus. The sequences covered parts of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene (cob), the mitochondrial small subunit rRNA gene (rns) and the(More)
Protoplasts from a total of thirty-six genotypes of Brassica species – B. napus, B. campestris (syn. B. rapa), B. juncea, and three distant relatives, Orychophragmus violaceus, Isatis indigotica and Xinjiang wild rape – were analysed for shoot regeneration using a feeder culture system. With the exception of B. campestris and Xinjiang wild rape, some(More)
Beef tenderness contributes significantly to variation of beef palatability, and is largely influenced by various genetic and environmental factors. To identify candidate genes and pathways related to beef tenderness, we analyzed the longissimus dorsi (LD) muscle of Angus cattle that had different degrees of tenderness, measured by Warner–Bratzler shear(More)