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Oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) was formed ~7500 years ago by hybridization between B. rapa and B. oleracea, followed by chromosome doubling, a process known as allopolyploidy. Together with more ancient polyploidizations, this conferred an aggregate 72× genome multiplication since the origin of angiosperms and high gene content. We examined the B. napus(More)
The fertile and sterile plants were derived from the self-pollinated offspring of the F1 hybrid between the novel restorer line NR1 and the Nsa CMS line in Brassica napus. To elucidate gene expression and regulation caused by the A and C subgenomes of B. napus, as well as the alien chromosome and cytoplasm from Sinapis arvensis during the development of(More)
Polyploidization has provided much genetic variation for plant adaptive evolution, but the mechanisms by which the molecular evolution of polyploid genomes establishes genetic architecture underlying species differentiation are unclear. Brassica is an ideal model to increase knowledge of polyploid evolution. Here we describe a draft genome sequence of(More)
This paper presents an experimental comparison of a broad range of the leading vocoder types which have been previously described. We use a reference implementation of each of these to create stimuli for a listening test using copy synthesis. The listening test is performed using both Lombard and normal read speech stimuli, and with two types of question(More)
—The spatial-temporal local features and the bag of words representation have been widely used in the action recognition field. However, this framework usually neglects the internal spatial-temporal relations between video-words, resulting in ambiguity in action recognition task, especially for videos " in the wild ". In this paper, we solve this problem by(More)
It has recently been shown that deep neural networks (DNN) can improve the quality of statistical parametric speech synthesis (SPSS) when using a source-filter vocoder. Our own previous work has furthermore shown that a dynamic sinu-soidal model (DSM) is also highly suited to DNN-based SPSS, whereby sinusoids may either be used themselves as a " direct(More)
Google Earth (GE) releases free images in high spatial resolution that may provide some potential for regional land use/cover mapping, especially for those regions with high heterogeneous landscapes. In order to test such practicability, the GE imagery was selected for a case study in Wuhan City to perform an object-based land use/cover classification. The(More)
This paper presents a fixed-and low-dimensional, perceptually based dynamic sinusoidal model of speech referred to as PDM (Perceptual Dynamic Model). To decrease and fix the number of sinusoidal components typically used in the standard sinusoidal model, we propose to use only one dynamic sinusoidal component per critical band. For each band, the si-nusoid(More)
BACKGROUND An effective method for obtaining resistant transgenic plants is to induce RNA silencing by expressing virus-derived dsRNA in plants and this method has been successfully implemented for the generation of different plant lines resistant to many plant viruses. RESULTS Inverted repeats of the partial Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) movement protein(More)
Beef tenderness contributes significantly to variation of beef palatability, and is largely influenced by various genetic and environmental factors. To identify candidate genes and pathways related to beef tenderness, we analyzed the longissimus dorsi (LD) muscle of Angus cattle that had different degrees of tenderness, measured by Warner–Bratzler shear(More)