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Obesity develops when energy intake exceeds energy expenditure. Promoting brown adipose tissue formation and function increases energy expenditure and hence may counteract obesity. Berberine (BBR) is a compound derived from the Chinese medicinal plant Coptis chinensis. Here we show that BBR increases energy expenditure, limits weight gain, improves cold(More)
Angiotensin II (AngII) is a multifunctional bioactive peptide and previous studies have shown that the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) of both host and tumor are important in tumor growth and angiogenesis in lung cancer. Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is a newly identified component of RAS, with 42% amino acid homology to ACE. However, the expression(More)
Angiotensin II (AngII) is a multifunctional bioactive peptide in the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is a newly identified component of RAS. The role of AngII and ACE2 in the metastasis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and the effects on matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are still unknown. In the present study, the(More)
C-reactive protein (CRP) is considered as one of the most sensitive markers of inflammation. The aim of the present study is to investigate the effects of CRP on the production of adiponectin in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Northern and western blot analysis revealed that CRP treatment inhibited adiponectin mRNA expression and secretion in a dose- and time-dependent(More)
The local renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is one of the crucial components in the tumor microenvironment. Recent evidence suggests that the local RAS plays an important role in tumor metabolism, survival, angiogenesis and invasion processes. Angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)] is an endogenous peptide of the RAS with vasodilator(More)
The circadian clock plays an important role in the liver by regulating the major aspects of energy metabolism. Currently, it is assumed that the circadian clock regulates metabolism mostly by regulating the expression of liver enzymes at the transcriptional level, but the underlying mechanism is not well understood. In this study, we showed that Lgr4(More)
BACKGROUND IRX3 was recently reported as the effector of the FTO variants. We aimed to test IRX3's roles in the browning program and to evaluate the association between the genetic variants in IRX3 and human obesity. METHODS IRX3 expression was examined in beige adipocytes in human and mouse models, and further validated in induced beige adipocytes. The(More)
A growing body of epidemiological research show that Bisphenol A (BPA) is positively correlated with obesity and metabolic disorders. However, the mechanisms of BPA on adiposity remain largely unknown. In this study, we found that 5-week-old male and female C57BL/6J mice exposed to four dosages of BPA (5, 50, 500, and 5000 μg/kg/d) by oral intake for 30(More)
Obesity occurs when excess energy accumulates in white adipose tissue (WAT), whereas brown adipose tissue (BAT), specialized for energy expenditure through thermogenesis, potently counteracts obesity. Factors that induce brown adipocyte commitment and energy expenditure would be a promising defence against adiposity. Here, we show that Lgr4 homozygous(More)
WNT/β-catenin signalling is involved in regulating adipogenesis, and its dysregulation occurs in obesity. Secreted frizzled-related protein 5 (SFRP5) is a WNT protein inhibitor; however, its role in adipogenesis and obesity is controversial. In this study, we observed that SFRP5 mRNA levels were increased in the fat tissues of obese humans and mice. Sfrp5(More)