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The Escherichia coli energy-sensing Aer protein initiates aerotaxis towards environments supporting optimal cellular energy. The Aer sensor is an N-terminal, FAD-binding, PAS domain. The PAS domain is linked by an F1 region to a membrane anchor, and in the C-terminal half of Aer, a HAMP domain links the membrane anchor to the signaling domain. The F1(More)
HAMP domains are signal transduction domains typically located between the membrane anchor and cytoplasmic signaling domain of the proteins in which they occur. The prototypical structure consists of two helical amphipathic sequences (AS-1 and AS-2) connected by a region of undetermined structure. The Escherichia coli aerotaxis receptor, Aer, has a HAMP(More)
The Aer protein in Escherichia coli is a membrane-bound, FAD-containing aerotaxis and energy sensor that putatively monitors the redox state of the electron transport system. Binding of FAD to Aer requires the N-terminal PAS domain and residues in the F1 region and C-terminal HAMP domain. The PAS domains of other PAS proteins are soluble in water. To(More)
Prolactin (PRL), a potent growth stimulator of the mammary epithelium, has been suggested to be a factor contributing to the development and progression of breast and prostate cancer. Several PRL receptor (PRLR) antagonists have been identified in the past decades, but their in vivo growth inhibitory potency was restricted by low receptor affinity,(More)
In vivo cross-linking between native cysteines in the Aer receptor of Escherichia coli showed dimer formation at the membrane anchor and in the putative HAMP domain. Dimers also formed in mutants that did not bind flavin adenine dinucleotide and in truncated peptides without a signaling domain and part of the HAMP domain.
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