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Graphene, a two-dimensional, single-layer sheet of sp(2) hybridized carbon atoms, has attracted tremendous attention and research interest, owing to its exceptional physical properties, such as high electronic conductivity, good thermal stability, and excellent mechanical strength. Other forms of graphene-related materials, including graphene oxide, reduced(More)
In this work, we show that the maximum thermopower of few layers graphene (FLG) films could be greatly enhanced up to ∼700 μV/K after oxygen plasma treatment. The electrical conductivities of these plasma treated FLG films remain high, for example, ∼10(4) S/m, which results in power factors as high as ∼4.5 × 10(-3) W K(-2) m(-1). In comparison, the pristine(More)
Deep-sea hydrothermal vent chimneys harbor a high diversity of largely unknown microorganisms. Although the phylogenetic diversity of these microorganisms has been described previously, the adaptation and metabolic potential of the microbial communities is only beginning to be revealed. A pyrosequencing approach was used to directly obtain sequences from a(More)
Both amphioxus and the sea urchin encode a complex innate immune gene repertoire in their genomes, but the composition and mechanisms of their innate immune systems, as well as the fundamental differences between two systems, remain largely unexplored. In this study, we dissect the mucosal immune complexity of amphioxus into different(More)
Vertebrates diverged from other chordates ~500 Myr ago and experienced successful innovations and adaptations, but the genomic basis underlying vertebrate origins are not fully understood. Here we suggest, through comparison with multiple lancelet (amphioxus) genomes, that ancient vertebrates experienced high rates of protein evolution, genome rearrangement(More)
A novel composite, MoS2 -coated three-dimensional graphene network (3DGN), referred to as MoS2 /3DGN, is synthesized by a facile CVD method. The 3DGN, composed of interconnected graphene sheets, not only serves as template for the deposition of MoS2 , but also provides good electrical contact between the current collector and deposited MoS2 . As a proof of(More)
Intercalation and exfoliation of lithium: Few-layer-thick inorganic nanosheets (BN, NbSe(2), WSe(2), Sb(2)Se(3), and Bi(2)Te(3)) have been prepared from their layered bulk precursors by using a controllable electrochemical lithium intercalation process. The lithium intercalation conditions, such as cut-off voltage and discharge current, have been(More)
Recently, amphioxus has served as a model for studying the origin and evolution of vertebrate immunity. However, little is known about how microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in the immune defense in amphioxus. In this article, we present a systematic study of amphioxus miRNAs in the acute-phase response to bacterial infection; miR-92d was found to regulate the(More)
Advanced electrodes with a high energy density at high power are urgently needed for high-performance energy storage devices, including lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) and supercapacitors (SCs), to fulfil the requirements of future electrochemical power sources for applications such as in hybrid electric/plug-in-hybrid (HEV/PHEV) vehicles. Metal sulfides with(More)