Qingyong Lang

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Due to increasingly stringent environmental regulations, supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) has gained wide acceptance in recent years as an alternative to conventional solvent extraction for separation of organic compounds in many analytical and industrial processes. In the past decade, SFE has been applied successfully to the extraction of a variety of(More)
Supercritical fluid carbon dioxide (SF-CO(2)) with small amounts of chemical modifier(s) provides a very effective sterilization technique that should be useful for destroying microorganism on heat-sensitive devices such as instruments flown on planetary-bound spacecraft. Under a moderate temperature (50 degrees C) and pressure (100 atm), spores of Bacillus(More)
Under ultrasonication, the ginkgo terpene trilactones, ginkgolides and bilobalide, in ginkgo extracts can be selectively dissolved in 10% aqueous NaH(2)PO(4) solution at a temperature of 50-60 degrees C and separated from the solution by extraction with a mixture of ethyl acetate/tetrahydrofuran in a capped vial. After derivatization, these terpene(More)
Ginkgo biloba leaf extract has been widely used in dietary supplements and more recently in some foods and beverages. Sample preparation procedures for determination of ginkgo terpene trilactones (including bilobalide and ginkgolides A, B, C, and J) in various sample matrixes were developed in this study. Ginkgo leaves and capsules were extracted with 5%(More)
A supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) method was developed for the extraction of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from fresh and fallen pine needles. Toluene-modified CO2 was used as the extracting fluid, and the extracted PAHs were analyzed by GC-MS. Using a two-stage extraction procedure, a static extraction at 180 degrees C and a dynamic(More)
Atmospheric particulate matter and both wet and dry deposition was collected over a period of nine months at one location in the metropolitan area of Miami, Florida. Molecular distributions and concentrations of n-alkanes, fatty acids, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and hopanes were determined using weekly composite samples over this time period in(More)
A supercritical fluid extraction procedure and a chromatographic separation/detection method were developed for the detection of Earth-based microorganisms. After microbes in a sand or a soil sample were hydrolyzed in a diluted NH(4)OH/acetone solution, several redox compounds from bacteria could be effectively extracted with trimethylamine-modified(More)
Detecting microbial life in extraterrestrial locations is a goal of space exploration because of ecological and health concerns about possible contamination of other planets with earthly organisms, and vice versa. Previously we suggested a method for life detection based on the fact that living entities require a continual input of energy accessed through(More)
Packed in a high-pressure vessel and under calculated conditions, dry ice can be used as a source of carbon dioxide for supercritical CO(2) extraction or liquid CO(2) of organic compounds from environmental samples. Coupled with a fluid modifier such as toluene, dry ice-originated supercritical CO(2) (Sc CO(2)) achieves quantitative extraction of many(More)
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