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[1] Observed correlations between atmospheric concentrations of CO 2 and CO represent potentially powerful information for improving CO 2 surface flux estimates through coupled CO 2-CO inverse analyses. We explore the value of these correlations in improving estimates of regional CO 2 fluxes in east Asia by using aircraft observations of CO 2 and CO from(More)
[1] A comprehensive emission inventory with enhanced spatial and temporal resolution is used to help quantify the contribution from three source categories (fossil, biofuel, and biomass burning) during the NASA TRACE-P experiment. Daily biomass burning emissions are developed to support this analysis. Emissions of 27 species and their ratios, by sector,(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the efficacy and safety of bismuth-containing quadruple therapy with tetracycline or amoxicillin for rescue treatment of Helicobacter pylori. METHODS The study was a non-inferiority trial of H. pylori eradication with at least two previous treatment failures. Subjects were randomized to receive 14-day therapy with b.i.d. lansoprazole(More)
Haze pollution caused by heavy particulate matter (PM) loading brings significant damage in eastern China. Long-term monitoring from 1980 to 2011 and 1-year field measurement in 2011-2012 are used for investigating visibility variation and the impact of PM pollution for the Yangtze River Delta (YRD). It was found that visual range in the YRD endured a sharp(More)
Limited by data accessibility, few exposure assessment studies of air pollutants have been conducted in China. There is an urgent need to develop models for assessing the intra-urban concentration of key air pollutants in Chinese cities. In this study, a land use regression (LUR) model was established to estimate NO2 during 2008-2011 in Shanghai. Four(More)
Development of exposure assessment model is the key component for epidemiological studies concerning air pollution, but the evidence from China is limited. Therefore, a linear mixed effects (LME) model was established in this study in a Chinese metropolis by incorporating aerosol optical depth (AOD), meteorological information and the land use regression(More)
BACKGROUND Associations of ambient air pollutants with respiratory health are inconsistent. OBJECTIVES We analyzed the associations of gestational and early life exposures to air pollutants with doctor-diagnosed asthma, allergic rhinitis, and pneumonia in children. METHODS We selected 3358 preschool children who did not alter residences after birth from(More)
The Yangtze River Delta (YRD) port cluster is one of five major port clusters in China and is home to Shanghai port, the largest port worldwide. In this study, an automatic identification system-based model was built to estimate the ship exhaust emissions in the YRD and the East China Sea within 400 km of the coastline. In 2010, the total emissions of SO2,(More)
Atmospheric ammonia (NH3) has great environmental implications due to its important role in ecosystem and global nitrogen cycle, as well as contribution to secondary particle formation. Here, we report long-term continuous measurements of NH3 at different locations (i.e. urban, industrial and rural) in Shanghai, China, which provide an unprecedented(More)
Whether ambient air pollution is associated with childhood atopic eczema is controversial. In this paper, we selected 3358 preschool children who had not altered residences since pregnancy from a cross-sectional study during 2011-2012 in Shanghai, China, and obtained parent-reported data regarding childhood atopic eczema using an improved ISAAC(More)