Qingwen Qian

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OBJECTIVE Sulforaphane is an activator of transcription factor NF-E2-related factor-2 (nrf2) that regulates gene expression through the promoter antioxidant response element (ARE). Nrf2 regulates the transcription of a battery of protective and metabolic enzymes. The aim of this study was to assess whether activation of nrf2 by sulforaphane in human(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the association between screen time (ST), physical activity (PA) and self-reported psychological problems among urban adolescents aged 11 to 16 years. METHODS In 2010, total 5003 boys and girls were analyzed from 4 junior high schools in Bengbu city of China. The Depression Self-rating Scale for Children, Screen for Child Anxiety Related(More)
The importance of the insulin receptor (IR) and the insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) for glucose-regulated insulin secretion and gene expression in pancreatic islet beta-cells is at present unresolved. Here, we have used small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) to silence the expression of each receptor selectively in clonal MIN6 beta-cells. Reduction(More)
O-Linked GlcNAc modification of nuclear and cytosolic proteins has been shown to regulate the function of many cellular proteins. Increased O-linked glycosylation, observed under chronic hyperglycemia conditions, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetes. However, the exact role of O-GlcNAc modification in regulating glucose homeostasis remains to(More)
AIM OF STUDY Diabetes mellitus is frequently combined with vascular diseases, which are associated with the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). An approach that can reverse the induction of VEGF by hyperglycemia may potentially benefit the outcome of diabetic patients. Therefore, in the present study, we investigated the effect of(More)
The Forkhead box transcription factor FoxO1 regulates metabolic gene expression in mammals. FoxO1 activity is tightly controlled by phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling, resulting in its phosphorylation and nuclear exclusion. We sought here to determine the mechanisms involved in glucose and insulin-stimulated nuclear shuttling of FoxO1 in(More)
Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is half of all HF, but standard HF therapies are ineffective. Diastolic dysfunction, often secondary to interstitial fibrosis, is common in HFpEF. Previously, we found that supra-physiologic levels of ω3-PUFAs produced by 12 weeks of ω3-dietary supplementation prevented fibrosis and contractile(More)
Carbohydrate responsive element-binding protein (ChREBP) is a transcription factor whose expression and activity are increased in pancreatic β-cells maintained at elevated glucose concentrations. We show here that ChREBP inactivation in clonal pancreatic MIN6 β-cells results in an increase in Pdx-1 expression at low glucose and to a small, but significant,(More)
The mechanisms by which changes in glucose concentration regulate gene expression and insulin secretion in pancreatic islet beta-cells are only partly understood. Here we describe the development of new technologies for examining these processes at the level of single living beta-cells. We also present recent findings, made using these and other techniques,(More)
To investigate whether Salvia miltiorrhiza hydrophilic extract (SMHE) has the ability to ameliorate oxidative stress in diabetic patients with chronic heart disease (CHD), 62 patients with CHD were recruited. These patients were assigned randomly into two groups: (1) placebo group receiving hypoglycemic therapy; (2) treatment group receiving hypoglycemic(More)