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This paper proposes an improved sliding mode control with perturbation estimation (SMCPE) featuring a PID-type sliding surface and adaptive gains for the motion tracking control of a micromanipulator system with piezoelectric actuation. One advantage of the proposed controller lies in that its implementation only requires the online estimation of(More)
By employing the simple but effective principle 'survival of the fittest' on which Darwin's Evolution Theory is based, a novel strategy for selecting an optimal combination of key wavelengths of multi-component spectral data, named competitive adaptive reweighted sampling (CARS), is developed. Key wavelengths are defined as the wavelengths with large(More)
A new 2-degrees of freedom compliant parallel micromanipulator (CPM) utilizing flexure joints is proposed for two-dimensional nanomanipulation in this paper. By a proper selection of actuators, flexure hinges, and materials, this system is constructed and analyzed by a pseudorigid-body model, architectural optimization, and finite-element analysis. Both the(More)
The functional units of cell adhesion are typically multiprotein complexes made up of three general classes of proteins; the adhesion receptors, the cell-extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins, and the cytoplasmic plaque/peripheral membrane proteins. The cell adhesion receptors are usually transmembrane glycoproteins (for example E-cadherin and integrin) that(More)
A novel water-soluble glycoconjugate, designated as Lycium ruthenicum glycoconjugate polysaccharide 1 (LRGP1), was isolated from the fruits of Lycium ruthenicum Murr. The crude polysaccharide was obtained by hot water extraction and purified by ion-exchange and gelfiltration chromatography. Its molecular weight was 56.2 kDa determined by HPGPC (high(More)
The epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays crucial roles in embryonic development, wound healing, tissue repair, and cancer progression. Results of this study show how transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) down-regulates expression of N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase III (GnT-III) during EMT-like changes. Treatment with TGF-β1 resulted in a(More)
Y-chromosomal STRs loci were analyzed from a sample of 201 healthy unrelated male individuals of Chinese Korean ethnic group. Allele and haplotype frequencies for DYS19, DYS385a/b, DYS388, DYS389 I, DYS389 II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438 and DYS439 were determined by the general PCR and silver staining methods. The gene diversity values(More)
This paper reports the design and development processes of a totally decoupled flexure-based XYZ parallel-kinematics micropositioning stage with piezoelectric actuation. The uniqueness of the proposed XYZ stage lies in that it possesses both input and output decoupling properties with integrated displacement amplifiers. The input decoupling is realized by(More)