Qingshu Meng

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OBJECTIVE We have previously shown that serum insulin levels decrease threefold and blood glucose levels remain normal in mice fed a leucine-deficient diet, suggesting increased insulin sensitivity. The goal of the current study is to investigate this possibility and elucidate the underlying cellular mechanisms. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Changes in(More)
OBJECTIVE White adipose tissue (WAT) and brown adipose tissue (BAT) play distinct roles in adaptation to changes in nutrient availability, with WAT serving as an energy store and BAT regulating thermogenesis. We previously showed that mice maintained on a leucine-deficient diet unexpectedly experienced a dramatic reduction in abdominal fat mass. The(More)
As one of the key technologies in biomedical research, DNA sequencing has not only improved its productivity with an exponential growth rate but also been applied to new areas of application over the past few years. This is largely due to the advent of newer generations of sequencing platforms, offering ever-faster and cheaper ways to analyze sequences. In(More)
The trypanosomatid GP63 proteases are known to be involved in parasite–host interaction and exhibit strong sequence and structural similarities to those of their hosts and insect vectors. Based on genome sequences of the three trypanosomatids, Trypanosoma brucei, Trypanosoma cruzi, and Leishmania spp., we annotated all their GP63 proteases and divided(More)
There have been two types of well-characterized DNA sequence periodicities; both are found to be associated with important molecular mechanisms. One is a 3-nt periodicity corresponding to codon triplets, the other is a 10.5-nt periodicity related to the structure of DNA helixes. In the process of analyzing the genome and transcriptome of Trichomonas(More)
We previously showed that leucine deprivation decreases abdominal fat mass largely by increasing energy expenditure, as demonstrated by increased lipolysis in white adipose tissue (WAT) and uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) expression in brown adipose tissue (BAT). The goal of the present study was to investigate the possible involvement of central nervous system(More)
There has been a growing interest in controlling body weight by increasing dietary levels of leucine recently. By contrast, we have focused on studying the effect of deficiency of branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) leucine on lipid metabolism. We previously have shown that mice fed a leucine-deficient diet for 7 days exhibit significant changes in lipid(More)
There are 48 members of the GP63 protease family in Trichomonas vaginalis according to our annotations; 37 of them are predicted to be transmembrane proteins. Because the GP63 protease family is the largest surface protease family and the second largest surface protein family, they are most likely to be involved in the interactions between T. vaginalis and(More)
Leptin signaling in the hypothalamus is crucial in energy homeostasis. We have previously shown that dietary deprivation of the essential amino acid leucine in mice stimulates fat loss by increasing energy expenditure. The involvement of leptin signaling in this regulation, however, has not been reported. Here, we show that leucine deprivation promotes(More)
Interleukin (IL)-25, also known as IL-17E, belongs to the IL-17 family of cytokines. Unlike other IL-17 family members, IL-25 promotes Th2-type immune responses, stimulating IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 production. Here, we employed murine models of skin graft to explore the role of IL-25 in suppression of graft rejection. We found that IL-25 expression is(More)