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Pavement cracks are important information for evaluating the road condition and conducting the necessary road maintenance. In this paper, we develop CrackTree, a fully-automatic method to detect cracks from pavement images. In practice, crack detection is a very challenging problem because of (1) low contrast between cracks and the surrounding pavement, (2)(More)
Developing a three-dimensional (3D) data model for Geographic Information Systems (GIS) is an essential and complex issue. 3D modelling in GIS is becoming ever more important for the development of cyber cities and digital earth, which have recently become feasible. A competent 3D model forms an efficient foundation for 3D visualization, query and spatial(More)
This paper presents an activity sequence-based indoor pedestrian localization approach using smartphones. The activity sequence consists of several continuous activities during the walking process, such as turning at a corner, taking the elevator, taking the escalator, and walking stairs. These activities take place when a user walks at some special points(More)
The uneven illumination phenomenon caused by thin clouds will reduce the quality of remote sensing images, and bring adverse effects to the image interpretation. To remove the effect of thin clouds on images, an uneven illumination correction can be applied. In this paper, an effective uneven illumination correction algorithm is proposed to remove the(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Migrating cancer stem cells (MCSCs) are believed to form metastases. We sought to identify markers of MCSCs from human colorectal cancers (CRCs) and determine their roles in organ-specific metastasis. METHODS To identify colorectal MCSCs that contribute to organ-specific metastasis, we developed a model of liver or lung metastasis using(More)
 Challenges and Opportunities in Exploiting Large-Scale GPS Probe Data Yin Wang, Yanmin Zhu, Zhaocheng He, Yang Yue, Qingquan Li HP Laboratories HPL-2011-109 Transportation; GPS; probe; data analysis; map matching Global positioning system (GPS) receivers are widely deployed in navigation and tracking devices installed in taxis, buses, utility vehicles,(More)
GPS (Globe Positioning System) trajectory data provide a new way for city travel analysis others than traditional travel diary data. But generally raw GPS traces do not include information on trip purposes or activities. Earlier studies addressed this issue through a combination of manual and computer-assisted data processing steps. Nevertheless, geographic(More)