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Huntington's disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative disorder caused by a polyglutamine expansion within Huntingtin (Htt) protein. In the phenotypic screen we identified a class of quinazoline-derived compounds that delayed a progression of a motor phenotype in transgenic Drosophila HD flies. We found that the store-operated calcium (Ca(2+)) entry (SOC) pathway(More)
This paper considers a wireless powered communication network (WPCN), where multiple users harvest energy from a dedicated power station and then communicate with an information receiving station. Our goal is to investigate the maximum achievable energy efficiency (EE) of the network via joint time allocation and power control while taking into account the(More)
This study aimed to investigate the in vitro skin permeation and in vivo antineoplastic effect of curcumin by using liposomes as the transdermal drug-delivery system. Soybean phospholipids (SPC), egg yolk phospholipids (EPC), and hydrogenated soybean phospholipids (HSPC) were selected for the preparation of different kinds of phospholipids composed of(More)
A rapid, simple and reliable high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method has been established for the analysis of the major alkaloids in Huperzia serrata, a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) herb. After chromatographic separation on a reversed-phase C18 column with methanol-ammonium acetate (pH 6.0; 80 mM, 30/70, v/v) as the mobile phase, nine(More)
BACKGROUND JAK/STAT signalling is one of the major pathways for cytokine signal transduction. However, the role of JAK/STAT in renal ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is not clear. The present study investigated the protection against renal I/R injury by in vivo inhibition of JAK2 activation. METHODS Rats subjected to renal I/R were either treated with(More)
Several reports indicate that melatonin alleviates bleomycin (BLM)-induced pulmonary fibrosis in rodent animals. Nevertheless, the exact mechanism remains obscure. The present study investigated the effects of melatonin on endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) during BLM-induced lung fibrosis. For the induction of(More)
BACKGROUND Nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs) are attractive materials for topical drug delivery, and in a previous study, we demonstrated that NLCs loaded with tripterine enhance its deposition. However, the surface charge of nanoparticles influences percutaneous drug penetration. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the influence of the surface charge of(More)
Pachymic acid (PA), a lanostane-type triterpenoid and the major component of Poria cocos alcoholic extracts, has various pharmacological effects, including anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative and anti-apoptotic. However, few studies have investigated the effects of PA on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced H9c2 cell apoptosis and inflammation, or identified the(More)
Patients with septic shock suffer from high mortality rates, particularly when complicated by severe myocardial depression which is characterized by hypotension and a reduction in cardiac output. Inflammation is an important factor involved in the early stages of sepsis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of the Chinese herbal(More)