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Mammals have two principal types of fat. White adipose tissue (WAT) primarily serves to store extra energy as triglycerides, while brown adipose tissue (BAT) is specialized to burn lipids for heat generation and energy expenditure as a defense against cold and obesity 1, 2. Recent studies demonstrate that brown adipocytes arise in vivo from a Myf5-positive,(More)
Expression of the brown adipocyte-specific gene, uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1), is increased by both PPARγ stimulation and cAMP activation through their ability to stimulate the expression of the PPAR coactivator PGC1α. In HIB1B brown preadipocytes, combination of the PPARγ agonist, rosiglitazone, and the cAMP stimulator forskolin synergistically increased(More)
BACKGROUND Chicken meat has the highest per capita consumption among all meat types in North America. The practice of feeding 3-nitro-4-hydroxyphenylarsonic acid (Roxarsone, Rox) to chickens lasted for more than 60 years. However, the fate of Rox and arsenic metabolites remaining in chicken are poorly understood. OBJECTIVES We aimed to determine the(More)
Physical properties are obviously essential to study a chaotic system that generates discrete-time signals, but recovering chaotic properties of a signal source from small data is a very troublesome work. Existing chaotic models are weak in dealing with such case in that most of them need big data to exploit those properties. In this paper, geometric theory(More)
This study was performed to qualify goat fetal fibroblast (GFF) cell lines for genetic modification and somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) to produce human lysozyme (hLYZ) transgenic goats. Nine GFF cell lines were established from different fetuses, and the proliferative lifespan and chromosomal stability were analyzed. The results suggested that cell(More)
In this paper, we are concerned with the Cauchy problem on the compressible isentropic two-fluids Euler-Maxwell equations in three dimensions. The global existence of solutions near constant steady states with the vanishing electromagnetic field is established, and also the time-decay rates of perturbed solutions in L q space for 2 ≤ q ≤ ∞ are obtained. The(More)
Achieving high expression levels of recombinant human serum albumin (HSA) for purification is a solution for the large amount of plasma-derived HSA needed in therapeutic applications. Here, we employed phiC31 integrase system and chicken hypersensitive site-4 (cHS4) insulators to construct a HSA expression vector for high-level HSA expression. The phiC31(More)