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Leucine zipper-EF-hand containing transmembrane protein 1 (Letm1) is a mitochondrial protein that is associated with seizure attacks in Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome. This study aimed to investigate the expression pattern of Letm1 in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and pilocarpine-induced rat model of epilepsy, and to determine if altered Letm1 leads(More)
In human primary visual cortex, parvalbumin (PV) is expressed by Cajal-Retzius cells in layer I by 20 weeks of gestation (20W), but its immunoreactivity is mostly lost by term. PV immunoreactivity in layers II-VI mainly develops later, from 26 to 34W, following an approximately 'inside-outside' sequence in a series of bands. PR-positive perikarya appear in(More)
The distribution of the calcium-binding protein calbindin D-28K (CB) was investigated in human fetal primary visual cortex. CB is present in Cajal-Retzius cells of layer I, in sparse neurons of the ventricular and intermediate zones (VZ, IZ), and in tangential fibres in IZ by 15 weeks (W) of gestation. Cajal-Retzius cells lose their staining by 30W. CB(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory, demyelinating disease of the central nervous system with an autoimmune attack on the components of the myelin sheath and axons. The etiology of the disease remains largely unknown, but it is commonly acknowledged that the development of MS probably results from the interaction of environmental factors in(More)
In the central nervous system (CNS), vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT2) transports cytoplasmic monoamines such as dopamine into synaptic vesicles for storage and subsequent exocytotic release. Recent studies have provided direct evidence for VMAT2-regulated monoamine neurotransmitter involvement in the neurophysiological activities of neurological(More)
Recent studies have indicated that acid-sensing ion channels may play a significant role in the termination of epilepsy. In particular, acid-sensing ion channel 3 (ASIC3) is expressed in the central nervous system and is most sensitive to extracellular pH. However, whether ASIC3 plays a role in epilepsy is unknown. In this study, qRT-PCR, Western blot,(More)
Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) is known to promote neurogenesis and survival. However, recent studies have suggested that IGF-1 regulates neuronal firing and excitatory neurotransmission. In the present study, focusing on temporal lobe epilepsy, we found that IGF-1 levels and IGF-1 receptor activation are increased in human epileptogenic tissues, and(More)
BACKGROUND New-generation antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) tend to replace traditional AEDs as the first-line choice for epilepsy. However, whether this change results in better outcome, especially in China, remains unknown. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Two broad spectrum AEDs, the traditional drug of sustained-release formulation of valproate (SRVPA) and the(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs), a bridge for innate and adaptive immune responses, play a key role in the development of multiple sclerosis (MS) and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model for MS. Administration of tolerogenic DCs has been used as an immunotherapy in autoimmune diseases. Deficiency of vitamin D is an environmental risk(More)
OBJECTIVE To Eexplore the application of negative binomial regression and modified Poisson regression analysis in analyzing the influential factors for injury frequency and the risk factors leading to the increase of injury frequency. METHODS 2917 primary and secondary school students were selected from Hefei by cluster random sampling method and surveyed(More)