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Tannins have a number of detrimental biological effects and these include interference with normal growth and metabolism if they are present in the feed of various animals. Proline-rich proteins (PRPs) in saliva have been shown to provide protection against tannin, but little is known about the mechanism of protection and interaction of other salivary(More)
Phytochelatins, with the general structure of (gamma-Glu-Cys)n-Gly (n=2-11), are usually recognized as being strongly induced by metals in microalgae and play an important role in the detoxification of heavy metals in environment. However, there have been few studies on metallothionein (MT) synthesis in Chlorella vulgaris (C. vulgaris) exposed to heavy(More)
Large yellow croaker (Pseudosciaena crocea) is one of the most important marine cultured fish in China. Acidic extracts of five tissues of large yellow croaker showed strong anti-Vibrio alginolyticus activity. Acidic extract of head kidney tissue was subjected to heat-treatment in boiling water, and solid-phase extraction on Sep-Pak C(18) cartridge. It was(More)
Adhesion to host surface or cells is the initial step in bacterial pathogenesis, and the adhesion mechanisms of the fish pathogenic bacteria Aeromonas hydrophila were investigated in this study. First, a mutagenesis library of A. hydrophila that contained 332 random insertion mutants was constructed via mini-Tn10 Km mutagenesis. Four mutants displayed the(More)
Colchicide (IDE) is a colchicine (COL) analogue in which the C-10 methoxy group is replaced by a hydrogen atom. Its binding to tubulin is accompanied by a quenching of the protein fluorescence. The fluorescence decrease shows a monoexponential time dependence. The observed rate constant increases in a non-linear way with the total concentration of IDE,(More)
The portal of entry for pathogenic Vibrio alginolyticus into large yellow croaker Pseudosciaena crocea is via the intestinal tract rather than gill or skin according to the kinetics of the bacterial adhesion to different mucus. The different effects on adhesion caused by proteolytic enzymes and heat treatment might be due to the different chemical(More)
We have explored a simplified system without purification for systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (SELEX) against Vibrio alginolyticus to select single-stranded DNA ligands (aptamers) from a random 82-nt library. The DNA content was quantified by agarose gel electrophoresis and follow-up image analyses with the BandScan 5.0 software.(More)
In this study, we examined the virulence factors and pathogenesis of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in Epinephelus awoara. The chemotactic motility of V. parahaemolyticus for phagocytosis and intracellular survival in fish macrophages was determined using virulence strains and low-virulence strains of V. parahaemolyticus. We found that the intracellular mean(More)
Biofilm formation of pathogen bacterium is currently one of the most widely studied topics; however, little is known regarding pathogen bacteria biofilms in aquaculture. Aeromonas hydrophila is a representative species of the genus Aeromonas, which has been recognized as a common pathogen, is associated with many diseases in aquatic animals, and causes(More)
The overuse of antimicrobials in aquaculture has promoted the selection of antimicrobial-resistant bacteria. Here we investigated the abundance of antimicrobial-resistance genes and integrons in 108 strains of antibiotic-resistant bacteria isolated from eels and aquaculture ponds in China. Conventional PCR was implemented to examine common(More)