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* Climate change projections predict an intensifying hydrologic cycle and an increasing frequency of droughts, yet quantitative understanding of the effects on ecosystem carbon exchange remains limited. * Here, the effect of contrasting precipitation and soil moisture dynamics were evaluated on forest carbon exchange using 2 yr of eddy covariance and(More)
The effects of management on soil carbon efflux in different ecosystems are still largely unknown yet crucial to both our understanding and management of global carbon flux. To compare the effects of common forest management practices on soil carbon cycling, we measured soil respiration rate (SRR) in a mixed-conifer and hardwood forest that had undergone(More)
a r t i c l e i n f o Keywords: Climate change Vegetation growth dynamics NDVI Time series analysis Gradual changes Trend breaks Breakpoint Turning point Asia–Pacific region The updated Global Inventory Modeling and Mapping Studies (GIMMS) third generation global satellite Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) Normalized Difference Vegetation(More)
Respiratory carbon losses from a mixed oak forest ecosystem following experimental manipulations were examined for their magnitudes and biophysical regulations. To quantify these losses, respiration measurements from chamber-based ecosystem components of sapwood, snags, down-logs, and soil, using chamber-based methods, were collected from experimental(More)
We quantified and compared carbon (C) pools at a Missouri Ozark experimental forest 8 years after different harvest treatments. Total C pools were 182, 170, and 130 Mg CÁha –1 for the control (no-harvest management; NHM), single-tree, uneven-age management (UAM), and clearcut even-age management (EAM) stands, respectively. Harvesting reduced the live tree C(More)
We investigated the variability of soil respiration and several potential regulatory factors and mod-eled their interrelationships from May to August over a 5-year period in oak forests subjected to alternative harvesting treatments as part of the Missouri Ozark Forest Ecosystem Project (MOFEP). Treatments included even-aged management (EAM), uneven-aged(More)
We introduced a new approach for delineating areas of multiple edge influence (AMEI) within a fragmented landscape using a geographic information system (GIS). AMEI was defined as the interface that is affected by more than two neighboring patch types. We decomposed AMEI into three components: AMEI 1 , the area where one patch type meets a different patch(More)
The purpose of this study was to permit bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) to reach their full potential in the treatment of chronic wounds. A biocompatible multifunctional crosslinker based temperature sensitive hydrogel was developed to deliver BMSCs, which improve the chronic inflammation microenvironments of wounds. A detailed in vitro(More)
The effect of area-of-edge influence (AEI) on fire size and movement was simulated by considering the distribution of single and multiple edges in the Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forest in Northern Wisconsin, USA. Six hypothetical landscapes with different delineations of AEIs were created for simulating fire spread using FARSITE to evaluate the influence(More)