Qingke Chen

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OBJECTIVE To compare the surgical effect of three-dimensional (3D) versus 2D laparoscopic surgery in ureter lithotomy. METHODS From January 2014 to 2015 May, 45 patients with ureteral calculi were randomly allocated into 2 groups to undergo ureter lithotomy under 3D laparoscopy (25 cases) and 2D laparoscopy (20 cases). The time used for each surgical(More)
The clinical implications of histological variants in urothelial carcinoma of the bladder has been a subject of significant controversy with many unanswered questions that remain. To clarify whether histological variants presage poor prognosis for patients suffering from urothelial carcinoma of the bladder, we scoured through various electronic databases(More)
Glucocorticoids are a common class of adjuvant drugs for the treatment of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) combined with antitumour or antiandrogen agents. Glucocorticoids are administered clinically because they ameliorate toxic side effects and have inhibitory effects on adrenal androgen production, acting as a pituitary suppressant. However,(More)
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