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Qingkai Yu, Jie Lian, Sujitra Siriponglert, Hao Li, Yong P. Chen, and Shin-Shem Pei Center for Advanced Materials, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Houston, Houston, Texas 77204, USA Department of Mechanical, Aerospace and Nuclear Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York 12180, USA Department of(More)
a Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 b School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 c Department of Mechanical Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 d School of Physics, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332 e Department of Electrical and Computer(More)
The strong interest in graphene has motivated the scalable production of high-quality graphene and graphene devices. As the large-scale graphene films synthesized so far are typically polycrystalline, it is important to characterize and control grain boundaries, generally believed to degrade graphene quality. Here we study single-crystal graphene grains(More)
We synthesize hexagonal shaped single-crystal graphene, with edges parallel to the zig-zag orientations, by ambient pressure CVD on polycrystalline Cu foils. We measure the electronic properties of such grains as well as of individual graphene grain boundaries, formed when two grains merged during the growth. The grain boundaries are visualized using Raman(More)
The generation of hydrogen from water using sunlight could potentially form the basis of a clean and renewable source of energy. Various water-splitting methods have been investigated previously, but the use of photocatalysts to split water into stoichiometric amounts of H2 and O2 (overall water splitting) without the use of external bias or sacrificial(More)
Wafer-scale single-crystalline graphene monolayers are highly sought after as an ideal platform for electronic and other applications. At present, state-of-the-art growth methods based on chemical vapour deposition allow the synthesis of one-centimetre-sized single-crystalline graphene domains in ∼12 h, by suppressing nucleation events on the growth(More)
BACKGROUND MUC1 is associated with cellular transformation and tumorigenicity and is considered as an important tumor-associated antigen (TAA) for cancer therapy. The objective of this study was to evaluate the patterns of MUC1 expression in primary tumors and metastatic lesions in the advanced stages of epithelial ovarian cancers (EOCs) and correlate the(More)
We report an atomically resolved scanning tunneling microscopy investigation of the edges of graphene grains synthesized on Cu foils by chemical vapor deposition. Most of the edges are macroscopically parallel to the zigzag directions of graphene lattice. These edges have microscopic roughness that is found to also follow zigzag directions at atomic scale,(More)
We have investigated the effects of thermal annealing on ex-situ chemically vapor deposited submonolayer graphene islands on polycrystalline Cu foil at the atomic-scale using ultrahigh vacuum scanning tunneling microscopy. Low-temperature annealed graphene islands on Cu foil (at ∼430 °C) exhibit predominantly striped Moiré patterns, indicating a relatively(More)