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The mouse is an excellent model for investigations of stroke and neural injury. However, there is a paucity of long term functional outcome measurements for the mouse. We, therefore, developed a sensorimotor functional test (corner test) and applied this test to a model of focal cerebral ischemia in the mouse. Male C57/6J mice (n=20) were subjected to(More)
We assessed the effects of low dose methamphetamine treatment of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in rats by employing MRI, immunohistology, and neurological functional tests. Young male Wistar rats were subjected to TBI using the controlled cortical impact model. The treated rats (n = 10) received an intravenous (iv) bolus dose of 0.42 mg/kg of methamphetamine(More)
BACKGROUND After stroke, the thrombolytic effect of tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) in the intravascular space is beneficial, whereas its extravascular effect on ischemic neurons is deleterious. We tested the hypothesis that neuroserpin, a natural inhibitor of tPA, reduces tPA-induced neuronal toxicity and increases its therapeutic window for(More)
To dynamically investigate the long-term response of an ischemic lesion in rat brain to the administration of sildenafil, male Wistar rats subjected to embolic stroke were treated with sildenafil (n=11) or saline (n=10) at a dose of 10 mg/kg administered subcutaneously 24-h after stroke and daily for an additional 6 days. Magnetic resonance images were(More)
Thrombolytic therapy with rtPA increases the risk of hemorrhagic transformation (HT) after cerebral ischemia. We employed contrast enhancement MRI with Gd-DTPA to detect HT in a rat model of embolic stroke treated with rtPA and a glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor antagonist, 7E3 F(ab')2, at 4 h after embolic stroke. Male Wistar rats were subjected to embolic(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The objectives of the present study were to: (1) noninvasively identify white matter reorganization and monitor its progress within 6 weeks after the onset of stroke; and (2) quantitatively investigate the effect of recombinant human erythropoietin treatment on this structural change using in vivo measurement of diffusion anisotropy.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE This study uses T(2)* weighted imaging (T2*WI) to measure the temporal evolution of cerebral angiogenesis in rats subjected to embolic stroke up to 6 weeks after stroke onset with or without sildenafil treatment. Method- Male Wistar rats were subjected to embolic stroke and treated with saline (n=10) or with sildenafil (n=11), with(More)
Using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) protocols of T(2)-, T(2)*-, diffusion- and susceptibility-weighted imaging (T2WI, T2*WI, DWI, and SWI, respectively) with a 7T system, we tested the hypothesis that treatment of embolic stroke with erythropoietin (EPO) initiated at 24 hr and administered daily for 7 days after stroke onset has benefit in repairing(More)
We treated traumatic brain injury (TBI) with human bone marrow stromal cells (hMSCs) and evaluated the effect of treatment on white matter reorganization using MRI. We subjected male Wistar rats (n = 17) to controlled cortical impact and either withheld treatment (controls; n = 9) or inserted collagen scaffolds containing hMSCs (n = 8). Six weeks later, the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Sildenafil provides restorative therapeutic benefits in the treatment of experimental stroke. The majority of experimental studies on treatment of stroke have been performed in young animals; however, stroke is primarily a disease of the aged. Thus, using MRI, we evaluated the effects of sildenafil treatment of embolic stroke in aged(More)