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Telomerase, an enzyme that maintains telomere length, plays major roles in cellular immortalization and cancer progression. We found that an exogenous BRCA1 gene strongly inhibited telomerase enzymatic activity in human prostate and breast cancer cell lines and caused telomere shortening in cell lines expressing wild-type BRCA1 (wtBRCA1) but not a(More)
Estrogen receptor-alpha (ER-alpha) is a nuclear transcriptional factor that is part of the nuclear receptor superfamily. In this study, we isolated and identified a new LXXLL-containing protein that interacts with the ER-alpha via a yeast two-hybrid assay. We have termed this protein estrogen receptor repressor-10 (ERR-10). The ERR-10 cDNA is predicted to(More)
Previously, we reported that BRCA1 strongly represses the transcriptional activity of estrogen receptor-alpha (ER-alpha) in human breast and prostate cancer cells but only weakly inhibits ER-alpha in cervical cancer cells. We now report that introduction of the human papillomavirus E7 or E6 oncogenes into human papillomavirus-negative cells rescues the(More)
The cytokine scatter factor/hepatocyte growth factor (HGF/SF) protects epithelial, carcinoma, and other cell types against cytotoxicity and apoptosis induced by DNA-damaging agents such as ionizing radiation and adriamycin (ADR, a topoisomerase IIalpha inhibitor). We investigated the role of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) signaling in HGF/SF-mediated(More)
The indole-3-carbinol (I3C) metabolite 3,3'-diindolylmethane (DIM) is a proposed cancer prevention agent for various tumor types, including breast cancer. Here, we show that DIM up-regulates expression of the tumor suppressor protein BRCA1 in carcinoma and normal cell types. Up-regulation of BRCA1 was dose and time dependent, and it was observed at(More)
DIM (3,3'-diindolylmethane), a small molecule compound, is a proposed cancer preventive agent that can be safely administered to humans in repeated doses. We report that administration of DIM in a multidose schedule protected rodents against lethal doses of total body irradiation up to 13 Gy, whether DIM dosing was initiated before or up to 24 h after(More)
Mutations of the breast cancer susceptibility gene 1 (BRCA1), a tumor suppressor, confer an increased risk for breast, ovarian, and prostate cancers. To investigate the function of the BRCA1 gene, we performed DNA microarray and confirmatory reverse transcription-PCR analyses to identify BRCA1-regulated gene expression changes. We found that BRCA1(More)
Inherited mutations of the breast cancer susceptibility gene BRCA1 confer a high risk for breast cancer development. The (300)RXKK and (266)KXK motifs have been identified previously as sites for acetylation of the estrogen receptor-alpha (ER-alpha), and (302)K was also found to be a site for BRCA1-mediated mono-ubiquitination of ER-alpha in vitro. Here we(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the effect of ubiquitin-like with plant homeodomain (PHD) and ring finger domains 1 (UHRF1) overexpression on radiosensitivity to X-rays in human breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS Cell survival was determined by colony formation assay; cell cycle distribution was measured by flow cytometry; apoptosis was(More)
p21-activated protein kinase 1 (Pak1) plays an important role in several cellular processes, including cytoskeleton reorganization, promotion of the cell survival, and the estrogen receptor (ER) signaling. Pak1 expression and activity is deregulated in a number of cancers. Pak1 is activated by a variety of physiological signals; however, less is known about(More)