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Extracting key concepts from clinical texts for indexing is an important task in implementing a medical digital library. Several methods are proposed for mapping free text into standard terms defined by the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS). For example, natural language processing techniques are used to map identified noun phrases into concepts. They(More)
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is the most important causative agent of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) in children. In most cases, it is a self-limiting illness. However some EV71 infectious cases can develop severe clinical outcomes, such as encephalitis, meningitis, poliomyelitis like paralysis, and even death. To identify the determinants of virulence, the(More)
Indexing and ranking are two key factors for efficient and effective XML information retrieval. Inappropriate indexing may result in false negatives and false positives, and improper ranking may lead to low precisions. In this paper, we propose a configurable XML information retrieval system, in which users can configure appropriate index types for XML tags(More)
Maximal frequent itemsets (MFI) are crucial to many tasks in data mining. Since the MaxMiner algorithm first introduced enumeration trees for mining MFI in 1998, there have been several methods proposed to use depth first search to improve performance. To further improve the performance of mining MFI, we proposed a technique to gather and pass tail (of a(More)
A plethora of somatic mutations and germline variations in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) have been increasingly reported in numerous cancer entities including osteosarcoma. However, it remains largely unclear whether mtDNA copy number changes occur during the multistep process of osteosarcoma carcinogenesis. For this purpose, we determined quantitative mtDNA(More)
Cerebral involvement is common in patients with systemic Lupus erythematosus (SLE) and is characterized by multiple clinical presentations, including cognitive disorders, headaches, and syncope. Several neuroimaging studies have demonstrated cerebral dysfunction during different tasks among SLE patients; however, there have been few studies designed to(More)
BACKGROUND Somatic mutations and germline variations in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) have been widely detected in a range of human malignancies including Ewing's sarcoma (EWS). However, it still remains unknown whether quantitative alterations in mtDNA level occur during the initiation and/or progression of EWS. METHODS To test this possibility, we(More)
Many XML applications over the Internet favor high-performance single-pass streaming XPath evaluation. Finite automata-based algorithms suffer from potentially combinatorial explosion of dynamic states for matching descendant axes. We present QuickXScan for streaming evaluation of XPath queries containing child and descendant axes with complex predicates.(More)