Qinghua Ji

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Visual experience during a critical period early in postnatal development can change connections within mammalian visual cortex. In a kitten at the peak of the critical period (approximately P28-42), brief monocular deprivation can lead to complete dominance by the open eye, an ocular dominance shift. This process is driven by activity from the eyes, and(More)
Kittens were given intramuscular injections of the N-methyl--aspartate (NMDA) antagonist MK-801 twice daily (morning and midday) during the peak of the period of susceptibility for ocular dominance changes. They were then exposed to light with one eye closed for 4 h after each injection. The ocular dominance of these kittens was shifted significantly less(More)
Group II metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR 2/3) are distributed differentially across the layers of cat visual cortex, and this distribution varies with age. At 3-4 wk, mGluR 2/3 receptor immunoreactivity is present in all layers. By 6-8 wk of age, it is still present in extragranular layers (2, 3, 5, and 6) but has disappeared from layer 4, and(More)
We compared the effect of 2 days of monocular vision on the ocular dominance of cells in the visual cortex of light-reared kittens with the effect in dark-reared kittens at 6, 9, and 14 weeks of age, and analyzed the results by layer. The size of the ocular-dominance shift declined with age in all layers in light-reared animals. There was not a large change(More)
Metabotropic glutamate receptors have a variety of effects in visual cortex that depend on the age of the animal, the layer of the cortex, and the group of the receptor. Here we describe these effects for group I receptors, using both in vivo and in vitro preparations. The metabotropic group I glutamate receptor agonist 3,5 dihydroxyphenylglycine (DHPG)(More)
We have previously shown that the protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitor, 8-chloroadenosine-3',5'-monophosphorothioate (Rp-8-Cl-cAMPS), abolishes ocular dominance plasticity in the cat visual cortex. Here we investigate the effect of this inhibitor on orientation selectivity. The inhibitor reduces orientation selectivity in monocularly deprived animals but not in(More)
B lymphocytes use B cell receptors (BCRs) to sense the physical features of the antigens. However, the sensitivity and threshold for the activation of BCRs resulting from the stimulation by mechanical forces are unknown. Here, we addressed this question using a double-stranded DNA-based tension gauge tether system serving as a predefined mechanical force(More)
In view of background subtraction is influenced by the light and the frame difference is easily affected by double shadow and hole phenomenon in target detection, a motion detection algorithm based on adaptive mixture gaussian model and four-frame subtraction using the dynamic threshold is proposed. In this paper, in order to minimize the negative(More)
He Ren and Chuanmao Zhang were omitted from the author list in the original version of this Article. This has been corrected in the PDF and HTML versions of the Article, as well as the Supplementary Information that now accompanies the Article. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third(More)
Intracellular membrane nanotube formation and its dynamics play important roles for cargo transportation and organelle biogenesis. Regarding the regulation mechanisms, while much attention has been paid on the lipid composition and its associated protein molecules, effects of the vesicle size has not been studied in the cell. Giant unilamellar vesicles(More)