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PURPOSE To compare image quality and visualization of normal structures and lesions in brain computed tomography (CT) with adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASIR) and filtered back projection (FBP) reconstruction techniques in different X-ray tube current-time products. MATERIALS AND METHODS In this IRB-approved prospective study, forty(More)
To integrate photothermal ablation (PTA) with radiotherapy (RT) for improved cancer therapy, we constructed a novel multifunctional core/satellite nanotheranostic (CSNT) by decorating ultrasmall CuS nanoparticles onto the surface of a silica-coated rare earth upconversion nanoparticle. These CSNTs could not only convert near-infrared light into heat for(More)
Early diagnosis that combines the high-resolutional CT and sensitive NIR-fluorescence bioimaging could provide more accurate information for cancerous tissues, which, however, remain a big challenge. Here we report a simple bimodal imaging platform based on PEGylated NaYbF(4): Tm(3+) nanoparticles (NPs) of less than 20 nm in diameter for both CT and(More)
To investigate the relationships between pulmonary ground-glass nodules (GGN) and blood vessels and their diagnostic values in differentiating GGNs. Multi-detector spiral CT imaging of 108 GGNs was retrospectively reviewed. The spatial relationships between GGNs and supplying blood vessels were categorized into four types: I, vessels passing by GGNs; II,(More)
To address the intractable issues such as the low performance or biocompatibility frequently encountered in previous CT, magnetic resonance (MR) and fluorescence trimodal imaging nanoprobes, a nanocomposite has been constructed by decorating gadolinium ions doped upconversion nanoparticle (Gd-doped UCNP) with radiopaque but fluorescence-transparent tantalum(More)
The clinical potentials of radiotherapy could not be achieved completely because of the inaccurate positioning and inherent radioresistance of tumours. In this study, a novel active-targeting upconversion theranostic agent (arginine-glycine-aspartic acid-labelled BaYbF5: 2% Er(3+) nanocube) was developed for the first time to address these clinical demands.(More)
The early diagnosis and simultaneous drug delivery monitored by non-invasive visualization are highly challenging but clinical-relevant for the diagnostics and therapy monitoring of serious diseases such as cancers. Herein, a Gd-doped layered double hydroxide (LDH)/Au nanocomposite has been developed as both a drug carrier and a diagnostic agent. The(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the feasibility of making a preoperative diagnosis of lung adenocarcinoma shown as ground-glass nodule (GGN) on computed tomography (CT). METHODS A total of 143 GGN lesions proved pathologically were divided randomly into A and B groups. Then each group was further divided pathologically into preinvasive lesion, minimal invasive(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the CT features of ground-glass nodules (GGN) including preinvasive lesions [atypical adenomatous hyperplasia (AAH) and adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS)], minimally invasive adenocarcinoma (MIA) and invasive adenocarcinoma (IAC). METHODS Ninety-seven GGN lesions confirmed by operation pathology were included in this study. The lesions(More)
Self-assemblies of acicular hollow Fe/C structures were synthesized using D-glucose monohydrate and ferric chloride as precursors by a simple hydrothermal process followed by carbonization at 800 °C. The self-assembled structures with an overall diameter of 15~20 µm composed of radially formed hollow needles from a central core with an average diameter of(More)