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A minor class of metazoan introns has well-conserved splice sites with 5'-AU-AC-3' boundaries, compared to the 5'-GU-AG-3' boundaries and degenerate splice sites of conventional introns. Splicing of the AT-AC intron 2 of a sodium channel (SCN4A) precursor messenger RNA in vitro did not require inhibition of conventional splicing and required adenosine(More)
Two-component systems (TCSs) are important for the adaptation and survival of bacteria and fungi under stress conditions. A TCS is often composed of a membrane-bound sensor histidine kinase (SK) and a response regulator (RR), which are relayed through sequential phosphorylation steps. However, the mechanism for how an SK is switched on in response to(More)
A rare class of introns in higher eukaryotes is processed by the recently discovered AT-AC spliceosome. AT-AC introns are processed inefficiently in vitro, but the reaction is stimulated by exon-definition interactions involving binding of U1 snRNP to the 5' splice site of the downstream conventional intron. We report that purine-rich exonic splicing(More)
AT-AC introns constitute a minor class of eukaryotic pre-mRNA introns, characterized by 5'-AT and AC-3' boundaries, in contrast to the 5'-GT and AG-3' boundaries of the much more prevalent conventional introns. In addition to the AT-AC borders, most known AT-AC introns have highly conserved 5' splice site and branch site sequence elements of 7-8 nt. Intron(More)
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