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BACKGROUND A recent epidemic of melamine contamination of baby formula in China has been associated with the development of urinary tract stones, though the clinical manifestations and predisposing factors are incompletely delineated. METHODS We administered a questionnaire to the parents of children 36 months of age or younger who were being screened for(More)
The mechanisms of podocyte disorders in cases of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS) are complex and remain incompletely elucidated. The abnormal regulation of NF-κB may play a key role in the pathophysiology of these podocyte diseases, but at present, NF-κB has not been thoroughly investigated. In this study, we report that induction of c-mip in podocytes(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang II) has been recognized as an apoptosis inducer in podocytes, but the mechanism of apoptosis induced by Ang II is unclear. Transient receptor potential cation channel 6 (TRPC6) is a calcium channel located in podocyte membrane. The present study evaluated the alteration of TRPC6 expression and the Ca(2+) influx involved in Ang II-induced(More)
Transient receptor potential cation channel 6 (TRPC6) is one of the key molecules for filtration barrier function of podocytes. Over-expression of TRPC6 in podocytes is frequently found in acquired or inherited proteinuric kidney diseases, and animal model over-expression of TRPC6 may lead to proteinuria. To investigate the impact of TRPC6 over-expression(More)
Podocyte and its slit diaphragm play an important role in maintaining normal glomerular filtration barrier function and structure. Podocyte apoptosis and slit diaphragm injury leads to proteinuria and glomerulosclerosis. However, the molecular mechanism of podocyte injury remains poorly understood. The family of mitogen-activated protein kinases including(More)
A lot of mutations of podocin, a key protein of podocyte slit diaphragm (SD), have been found both in hereditary and sporadic focal segmental glomeruloscleorosis (FSGS). Nevertheless, the mechanisms of podocyte injury induced by mutant podocins are still unclear. A compound heterozygous podocin mutation was identified in our FSGS patient, leading to a(More)
BACKGROUND Proteinuria, one of the main manifestations of nephrotic syndrome, is an important risk factor for the progression of renal diseases. Podocyte foot processes (FPs) injury induces proteinuria in most renal diseases. The podocyte cytoskeleton plays important roles in maintaining the normal morphology of FPs. However, the underlying cytoskeletal(More)
Podocyte depletion due to apoptosis is the key hallmark of proteinuric kidney disease progression. Recently, several studies reported that mitochondrial (mt) dysfunction is involved in podocyte injury, while the underlying molecular mechanisms remain elusive. This study investigated the potential proximal signaling related to in vitro and in vivo(More)
Membranous nephropathy is a glomerular disease typified by a nephrotic syndrome without infiltration of inflammatory cells or proliferation of resident cells. Although the cause of the disease is unknown, the primary pathology involves the generation of autoantibodies against antigen targets on the surface of podocytes. The mechanisms of nephrotic(More)
Nephrin, podocin, CD2AP, and alpha-actinin-4 are important podocyte proteins that help maintain the integrity of the slit diaphragm and prevent proteinuria. Studies have shown that angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, glucocorticoids, and all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) have antiproteinuric effects. However, it is still unclear whether these drugs, with(More)