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AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), a cellular energy sensor, has been reported to participate in modulating inflammatory responses, but its role in intestinal inflammation remains unclear. IBD has been characterized by excessive innate and adaptive immune responses. Here, the roles of 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleoside (AICAR), an agonist of(More)
Overexpression of IL-12 and IL-23, which share the p40 subunit, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of Crohn's disease. Targeting these cytokines with monoclonal antibodies has emerged as a new and effective therapy, but one with adverse reactions. In this study, we sought to develop p40 peptide-based virus-like particle vaccines that elicit(More)
MDSCs, a heterogeneous population of cells that expand during many pathogenic conditions, have remarkable abilities to suppress T cell responses. Their role in murine colitis, induced by TNBS and therapeutic application, remains unclear. Murine colitis was induced through intrarectally administrating TNBS, twice. MDSCs in spleen and colonic LPMCs were(More)
BACKGROUND Intestinal fibrosis and stricture formation are major complications of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), for which there are currently few effective treatments. We sought to investigate whether targeting transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1), a key profibrotic mediator, with a peptide-based virus-like particle vaccine would be effective in(More)
BACKGROUND Overexpression of IL-23 has been implicated in the pathogenesis of Crohn's disease. Using vaccines to block overexpressed endogenous cytokines has emerged as a new therapeutic strategy for the long-term treatment of the disease. AIM We sought to develop peptide-based vaccines specific to IL-23 and evaluate their effects in colitis mice. (More)
Interleukin (IL)-12 and IL-23 both share the p40 subunit and are key cytokines in the pathogenesis of Crohn's disease. Previously, we have developed and identified three mouse p40 peptide-based and virus-like particle vaccines. Here, we evaluated the effects and immune mechanisms of the optimal vaccine in downregulating intestinal inflammation in murine(More)
We previously reported that a recombinant IL-13 peptide-based virus-like particle vaccine significantly suppressed murine acute airway allergic inflammatory responses. The impact of this strategy on the development of chronic airway inflammation and remodeling has not been investigated. We evaluated whether the vaccine-mediated sustained suppression of(More)
IL-10 is a regulatory cytokine that plays important roles in promoting disease progression in cutaneous leishmaniasis and suppressing allergic responses in asthma. We sought to develop an IL-10 peptide-based vaccine for the control of IL-10-related diseases. To break self-tolerance, hepatitis B core antigen (HBcAg) was used as a carrier. The vaccine was(More)
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is an important cellular energy sensor that is responsible for maintaining systemic and cellular energy balance. Its role in intestinal inflammation remains unclear. Recent studies indicate that AMPK activation initiated by 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleoside (AICAR) participates in modulating inflammatory(More)
Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are regulatory cell populations that have the ability to suppress effector T cell responses and promote the development of regulatory T cells (Tregs). They are a heterogeneous population of immature myeloid progenitors that include monocytic and granulocytic subsets. We postulated that given the rapid expansion of(More)