Qing-shan Ye

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The bidirectional paradigm of tolerance involving reciprocal host vs. graft and graft vs. host reactions was examined after Lewis (LEW)-->Brown Norway (BN) transplantation of different whole organs (liver, intestine, heart, and kidney) or of 2.5 x 10(8) LEW leukocytes obtained from bone marrow, spleen, lymph nodes, and thymus. The experiments were performed(More)
Sequential analysis of changes that lead to chronic rejection was undertaken in an animal model of chronic rejection and obliterative arteriopathy. Brown Norway rats are pretreated with a Lewis bone marrow infusion or a Lewis orthotopic liver allograft and a short course of immunosuppression. They are challenged 100 days later with a Lewis heterotopic heart(More)
In normal rats, the xenobiotic K76 inhibited the C5 and probably the C2 and C3 steps of complement and effectively depressed classical complement pathway activity, alternative complement pathway activity, and the C3 complement component during and well beyond the drug's 3-hr half-life. It was tested alone and with intramuscular tacrolimus (TAC) and/or(More)
The migration of multilineage "passenger leukocytes" from transplanted organs and their ubiquitous survival in successfully treated human recipients for as long as 30 years (microchimerism) has been postulated to be an essential condition for organ allograft acceptance and the explanation for a number of previously enigmatic posttransplant events (1, 2).(More)
BACKGROUND Although the persistence of multilineage microchimerism in recipients of long-surviving organ transplants implies engraftment of migratory pluripotent donor stem cells, the ultimate localization in the recipient of these cells has not been determined in any species. METHODS Progenitor cells were demonstrated in the bone marrow and(More)
We have attributed organ engraftment to clonal exhaustion-deletion of host-versus-graft and graft-versus-host reactions that are reciprocally induced and governed by migratory donor and recipient leukocytes. The so-called donor passenger leukocytes that migrate from the allograft into the recipients have been thoroughly studied (chimerism), but not the(More)
BACKGROUND The passenger leukocytes in the intestine have a lineage profile that predisposes to graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) in some animal models and have inferior tolerogenic qualities compared with the leukocytes in the liver, other solid organs, and bone marrow. Elimination by ex vivo irradiation of mature lymphoid elements from the bowel allografts(More)
Hamster to rat renal xenotransplantation was performed with recipient nephrectomies. Recipients were treated beginning on day 0 with continuous FK 506 monotherapy, a 7-day or open-ended monotherapeutic course of cyclophosphamide (CP), and the two drug regimens combined. CP alone (10 mg/kg/day) prevented a xenospecific antibody response and tripled median(More)
BACKGROUND The role of leukocyte migration and chimerism in organ allograft acceptance has been obscured by the lack of information about the late localization of the donor cells. METHODS Male Lewis rat-->female Brown Norway abdominal heart transplantation was performed under tacrolimus immunosuppression (days 0-13, 20, and 27) with or without donor bone(More)
BACKGROUND The stress response to injury concept has been proposed as a mechanism of chronic rejection. This hypothesis has been tested with a rat cardiac allograft model in recipients pretreated with donor bone marrow (BM) cells. Chronic rejection is manifested in this BM group by obliterative arteriopathy and the epicardium and endocardium contains(More)