Qing-hua Jin

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The effects of pentobarbital sodium, chloralose and urethane on norepinephrine (NE) release in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) region were examined in awake rats. An in vivo microdialysis method was used. Extracellular NE concentrations in the PVN region were measured by high performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection.(More)
Orexins, also called hypocretins, are newly discovered hypothalamic peptides that are thought to be involved in various physiological functions. In spite of the fact that orexin receptors, especially orexin receptor 2, are abundant in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN), the effects of orexins on PVN neurons remain unknown. Using a whole cell(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the application of mild intermittent footshock stress can cause changes in the nitric oxide (NO) and norepinephrine (NE) releases in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) region and medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). Extracellular levels of NO metabolites and NE in the PVN region and mPFC were(More)
Chronically instrumented, conscious rats were used to examine whether mild exteroceptive stress produces differential neurochemical changes in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) region. We constructed systems for stress experiment of air jet and swing rotation that were conducted on freely moving conscious rats in a computer-controlled home(More)
To elucidate neurochemical mechanisms responsible for cardiovascular responses induced by central salt loading, we directly perfused the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus region with hypertonic saline (0.3 or 0.45 M) by using an in vivo brain microdialysis technique. We then measured the extracellular concentrations of glutamate in the PVN(More)
We investigated the involvement of dopamine (DA) and its D1 receptors of the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) in spatial learning and memory deficits in a rat model of vascular dementia (VD) established by permanent bilateral carotid occlusion. Spatial learning and memory abilities of rats were measured by Morris water maze, and extracellular concentrations(More)
Neuromedin U (NMU) is a brain-gut peptide, which peripherally stimulates smooth muscle, increases of blood pressure, alters ion transport in the gut, controls local blood flow, and regulates adrenocortical function. Although intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of NMU is known to decrease food intake and body weight, little is known about its(More)
The objective of this study was to elucidate the possible involvement of nitric oxide (NO) in the cardiovascular responses induced by central salt loading. Direct perfusion of the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) region with hypertonic saline (0.3 or 0.45 M) was performed in conscious rats by using an in vivo brain microdialysis technique. The(More)
Microdialysis and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) were used to measure the changes of certain amino acids in the medial vestibular nucleus (MVN) of conscious rats in order to understand whether those amino acids are involved in the regulation of blood pressure. Acute hypotension was induced by infusing sodium nitroprusside (SNP) into the(More)
The present study is an investigation of the responses of the cardiovascular system and Fos expression to intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of hypertonic saline (HS) in conscious arginine vasopressin (AVP)-overexpressing transgenic (Tg) and control rats. Central HS (0.3, 0.67, or 1.0M NaCl, 1 microl/min for 20 min) significantly increased the(More)