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1. Serotonin (5-HT) facilitates the connections between sensory and motor neurons in Aplysia during behavioural sensitization. The effect of 5-HT on sensorimotor synapses is believed to be primarily presynaptic. Here we tested whether 5-HT can have an exclusively postsynaptic facilitatory effect. 2. Siphon motor neurons were individually dissociated from(More)
Danshensu, a type of dihydroxyphenyl lactic acid, is one of the most abundant active phenolic acids in the dried root of Salvia miltiorrhizae (Lamiaceae)--widely used traditional Chinese medicine. The effects of danshensu on platelet aggregation and thrombus formation in rats were examined using various methods. It was found that danshensu significantly(More)
We report here the clinical, genetic, and molecular characterization of a four-generation Chinese family with aminoglycoside-induced and nonsyndromic hearing loss. Five of nine matrilineal relatives had aminoglycoside-induced hearing loss. These matrilineal relatives exhibited variable severity and audiometric configuration of hearing impairment, despite(More)
Segments of rat submandibular salivary gland were incubated in MEM supplemented with 10-800 microM sulphate in the presence of [3H]-glucosamine, [3H]-proline and [35S]-Na2SO4, with 0-8 mM chlorate, an inhibitor of 3'-phosphoadenosine-5'-phosphosulphate formation. Incorporation of glucosamine and sulphate depended upon the sulphate content of the medium and(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS It is known that approximately 5% of congenital profound hearing impaired cases are inherited in X-linked inheritance. This study aimed at identifying its underlying molecular determinant(s) using a large, five-generation Chinese family with multiple familial cases. STUDY DESIGN Model-based linkage analysis and positional cloning. (More)
We analyze the interplay between pnicogen-bonding and halogen-bonding interactions in the XCl-FH(2)P-NH(3) (X=F, OH, CN, NC, and FCC) complex at the MP2/aug-cc-pVTZ level. Synergetic effects are observed when pnicogen and halogen bonds coexist in the same complex. These effects are studied in terms of geometric and energetic features of the complexes.(More)
Excess infrared (IR) absorption spectroscopy, a new concept brought forward by applying the idea of excess thermodynamic functions to infrared spectroscopy, is shown to be a potential method to study hydrogen bonds. It can be applied to enhance spectral resolution of complexed IR bands, to evaluate nonideality of liquid mixtures, and to estimate selective(More)
Dynamic background modeling is an essential task for numerous visual surveillance applications such as incident detection and traffic management. Adaptive mixture models and nonparametric models are two popular methods for background modeling at present. However, it is usually too costly to perform for the both methods in real time, since they are both(More)
Matching query interfaces is a crucial step in data integration across multiple Web databases. Different types of information about query interface schemas have been used to match attributes between schemas. Relying on a single aspect of information is not sufficient and the matching results of individual matchers are often inaccurate and uncertain. The(More)
In the United States, roughly 10% of the population is exposed daily to hazardous levels of noise in the workplace. Twin studies estimate heritability for noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) of approximately 36%, and strain specific variation in sensitivity has been demonstrated in mice. Based upon the difficulties inherent to the study of NIHL in humans, we(More)