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Miniature excitatory postsynaptic currents (mEPSCs) were elicited from small numbers of release sites after brief microperfusion of Ba2+ and K+ onto proximal dendritic processes of hippocampal neurons in culture. Temporal summation of closely timed mEPSCs deviated significantly from linearity. The number of instances of closely timed mEPSCs that were also(More)
It is generally accepted that glutamate serves as the neurotransmitter at most excitatory synapses in the mammalian central nervous system (CNS). Synaptic release of glutamate may trigger a fast and a slow excitatory postsynaptic current (EPSC). The slow EPSC is mediated by N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor channels, whereas the fast EPSC is mediated by(More)
Glutamate receptor (GluR) channels are responsible for a number of fundamental properties of the mammalian central nervous system, including nearly all excitatory synaptic transmission, synaptic plasticity, and excitotoxin-mediated neuronal death. Although many human and rodent neuroblast cell lines are available, none has been directly shown to express(More)
BACKGROUND Certain anesthetics exhibit neurotoxicity in the brains of immature but not mature animals. γ-Aminobutyric acid (GABA), the primary inhibitory neurotransmitter in the adult brain, is excitatory on immature neurons via its action at the GABAA receptor, depolarizing the membrane potential and inducing a cytosolic Ca2+ increase ([Ca2+]i), because of(More)
The electrophysiological effects of aconitine were investigated in the rat hippocampal slice and compared with those of veratridine. Both alkaloids are known to bind at site 2 of sodium channels and to block its inactivation. Extracellular recordings revealed that aconitine and veratridine exert inhibitory effects on neuronal excitability. Aconitine slowly(More)
Treatment of the human teratocarcinoma line NTera2/c1.D1 (NT2) with retinoic acid induces terminal neuronal differentiation. In a previous study, we found that the neurons obtained in this way express functional N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and non-NMDA glutamate receptor channels. We now show by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and Southern(More)
High p T nonphotonic electron production in p þ p collisions at ffiffi ffi s p ¼ 200 GeV We present the measurement of nonphotonic electron production at high transverse momentum (p T > 2:5 GeV=c) in p þ p collisions at ffiffi ffi s p ¼ 200 GeV using data recorded during 2005 and 2008 by the STAR experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). The(More)
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