Learn More
Comparative analysis of multiple genomes in a phylogenetic framework dramatically improves the precision and sensitivity of evolutionary inference, producing more robust results than single-genome analyses can provide. The genomes of 12 Drosophila species, ten of which are presented here for the first time (sechellia, simulans, yakuba, erecta, ananassae,(More)
Here we report a high-quality draft genome sequence of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris), together with a dense map of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) across breeds. The dog is of particular interest because it provides important evolutionary information and because existing breeds show great phenotypic diversity for morphological, physiological(More)
CD4(+) helper T cells acquire effector phenotypes that promote specialized inflammatory responses. We show that the ETS-family transcription factor PU.1 was required for the development of an interleukin 9 (IL-9)-secreting subset of helper T cells. Decreasing PU.1 expression either by conditional deletion in mouse T cells or the use of small interfering RNA(More)
Survival of naive T cells is dependent upon IL-7, which is present in vivo in limiting amounts with the result that naive T cells must compete for IL-7-mediated survival signals. It would seem imperative during T cell homeostasis that limiting IL-7 be shared by the greatest possible number of T cells. We now describe a novel regulatory mechanism that(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE In recent years, various laser systems have been introduced into the field of laser-assisted endodontic therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the bactericidal effect of Nd:YAG, Er:YAG, Er,Cr:YSGG laser radiation, and antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) in experimentally infected root canals compared with standard(More)
IL-17-secreting CD4(+) T cells are critically involved in inflammatory immune responses. Development of these cells is promoted in vivo and in vitro by IL-23 or TGFbeta1 plus IL-6. Despite growing interest in this inflammatory Th subset, little is known about the transcription factors that are required for their development. We demonstrate that Stat3 is(More)
The differentiation of activated CD4(+) T cells into the T helper type 1 (T(H)1) or T(H)2 fate is regulated by cytokines and the transcription factors T-bet and GATA-3. Whereas interleukin 12 (IL-12) produced by antigen-presenting cells initiates the T(H)1 fate, signals that initiate the T(H)2 fate are not completely characterized. Here we show that early(More)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Canada License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Abstract In this paper, we formulate multi-channel assignment in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) as an optimization problem and show(More)
Mutations in GJB2, which codes for the gap junction (GJ) protein connexin26 (Cx26), are the most common causes of human nonsyndromic hereditary deafness. We inoculated modified adeno-associated viral (AAV) vectors into the scala media of early postnatal conditional Gjb2 knockout mice to drive exogenous Cx26 expression. We found extensive virally expressed(More)