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OBJECTIVE To describe the levels of inflammation and vascular endothelial activation in an Aboriginal community, and the relationship of these factors to coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors and markers of nutritional quality. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS A cross-sectional survey of 95 women and 76 men participating in a chronic-disease prevention(More)
Mutations of individual cysteine residues at codon 301, 390, 398 and 408 of the thyrotropin receptor (TSHr) to serine resulted in cell surface expression of only C301S and C390S mutants. C390S mutation was a silencing mutation with decreased basal constitutive activity. Although the C301S and C390S mutants did not show any significant TSH binding, they(More)
Thyroid hormone (TH) is essential for the proper development of mammalian central nervous system. TH deficiency during critical period of brain development results in permanent cognitive and neurological impairments. Hippocampus is a structure involved in various memory processes that are essential for creating new memories, and lesions to hippocampus(More)
Prenatal stress (PS) has been shown to be associated with anxiety. However, the underlying neurological mechanisms are not well understood. To determine the effects of PS on anxiety-like behavior in the adult offspring, we evaluated anxiety-like behavior using open field test (OFT) and elevated plus maze (EPM) in the 3-month offspring. Both male and female(More)
Thyroid hormones are major regulators of postnatal brain development. Thyroid hormones act through nuclear receptors to modulate the expression of specific genes in the brain. We have used microarray analysis to identify novel responsive genes in 14-day-old hypothyroid rat brains, and discovered that synaptosomal-associated protein of 25 kDa (SNAP-25) was(More)
Adiponectin, the adipose-derived hormone, plays an important role in the suppression of metabolic disorders that can result in type 2 diabetes, obesity, and atherosclerosis. It has been shown that up-regulation of adiponectin or adiponectin receptor has a number of therapeutic benefits. Given that it is hard to convert the full size adiponectin protein into(More)
To determine whether genetic heterogeneity exists in patients with Graves' disease (GD), the cytotoxic T-lymphocyte associated 4 (CTLA-4) gene, which is implicated a susceptibility gene for GD by considerable genetic and immunological evidence, was used for association analysis in a Chinese Han cohort recruited from various geographic regions. Our(More)
Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) is normally produced from hepatocytes and various other cells and tissues, including the pancreas, and is known to stimulate islet cell replication in vitro, prevent Fas-mediated beta-cell destruction and delay the onset of diabetes in nonobese diabetic mice. Recently, however, the notion that IGF-I stimulates islet cell(More)
OBJECTIVE The two major classes of antidiabetic drugs, sulfonylureas and metformin, may differentially affect macrovascular complications and mortality in diabetic patients. We compared the long-term effects of glipizide and metformin on the major cardiovascular events in type 2 diabetic patients who had a history of coronary artery disease (CAD). (More)
Salusin β is a multifunctional bioactive peptide and is considered as a promising candidate biomarker for predicting atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases. The present study was designed to investigate the roles and mechanisms of salusin β in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) in attenuating hypertension and hypothalamic inflammation and whether central(More)