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The principal inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid) exerts its effects through two ligand-gated channels, GABA(A) and GABA(C) receptors, and a third receptor, GABA(B) , which acts through G proteins to regulate potassium and calcium channels. Cells heterologously expressing the cloned DNA encoding the GABA(B)R1 protein exhibit(More)
The modular nature of the abscisic acid response complex (ABRC), the promoter unit necessary and sufficient for abscisic acid (ABA) induction of gene expression in barley, is defined in this study. We investigated ABA induction of a barley late embrogenesis abundant (Lea) gene, HVA1, and found that the ABRC of this gene consists of a 10-bp box with an ACGT(More)
To elucidate the mechanism by which abscisic acid (ABA) regulates gene expression, the promoter of the barley ABA-responsive HVA22 gene has been analyzed by both loss- and gain-of-function studies. Previous reports indicate that G-box sequences, which are present in genes responding to a variety of environmental and physiological cues, are involved in ABA(More)
The phytohormone, abscisic acid (ABA), plays a variety of roles during seed development and in the plant's response to environmental stresses. To study the molecular action of ABA, we have isolated a single copy ABA-induced gene, HVA22, which is mapped to barley chromosome 1. The HVA22 gene can be induced by either ABA or the protein synthesis inhibitor,(More)
Retinoid X receptor (RXR) belongs to a family of ligand-activated transcription factors that regulate many aspects of metazoan life. A class of nuclear receptors requires RXR as heterodimerization partner for their function. This places RXR in the crossroad of multiple distinct biological pathways. This and the fact that the debate on the endogenous ligand(More)
Structural alterations of the promoter region of the BCL-6 proto-oncogene represent the most frequent genetic alteration associated with non-Hodgkin lymphoma, a malignancy often deriving from germinal-centre B cells. The BCL-6 gene encodes a zinc-finger transcriptional repressor normally expressed in both B cells and CD4+ T cells within germinal centres,(More)
Complementary DNA for a novel member of the cadherin family, designated K-cadherin, was isolated from a rat renal cell carcinoma complementary DNA library by screening it with a short complementary DNA probe which was initially obtained from the RNA of day 16 fetal Wistar rat stomach mucosa by the polymerase chain reaction. The deduced primary structure of(More)
A phylogenetic analysis was performed on 51 isolates of the commercially valuable basidiomycete, Grifola frondosa (maitake), using sequences from the Internal Transcribed Spacers and 5.8S region of the nuclear ribosomal DNA (rDNA) and a portion of the β-tubulin gene. The β-tubulin gene provided more than twice as many variable characters as the ITS/5.8S(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the incidence of stroke, risk factors for stroke, and outcomes in elderly stroke patients with delirium. DESIGN Cohort study with 12-month follow-up. SETTING Bankstown-Lidcombe Hospital, a 450-bed teaching hospital of the University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia. PARTICIPANTS One hundred fifty-six stroke patients aged 65(More)
BACKGROUND Certain viruses, notably human papillomavirus (HPV), cytomegalovirus (CMV), herpes simplex virus (HSV) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), are known to produce tumors in animals and cell transformation in vitro and they have been implicated in the pathogenesis of human cancers. All these viruses are also known to infect the esophagus. This study was(More)