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The principal inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid) exerts its effects through two ligand-gated channels, GABA(A) and GABA(C) receptors, and a third receptor, GABA(B) , which acts through G proteins to regulate potassium and calcium channels. Cells heterologously expressing the cloned DNA encoding the GABA(B)R1 protein exhibit(More)
The modular nature of the abscisic acid response complex (ABRC), the promoter unit necessary and sufficient for abscisic acid (ABA) induction of gene expression in barley, is defined in this study. We investigated ABA induction of a barley late embrogenesis abundant (Lea) gene, HVA1, and found that the ABRC of this gene consists of a 10-bp box with an ACGT(More)
To elucidate the mechanism by which abscisic acid (ABA) regulates gene expression, the promoter of the barley ABA-responsive HVA22 gene has been analyzed by both loss- and gain-of-function studies. Previous reports indicate that G-box sequences, which are present in genes responding to a variety of environmental and physiological cues, are involved in ABA(More)
The phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) induces genes-encoding proteins involved in desiccation tolerance and dormancy in seeds, but ABA also suppresses gibberellin (GA)-responsive genes encoding hydrolytic enzymes essential for postgermination growth. A unique serine/threonine protein kinase, PKABA1 mRNA, up-regulated by ABA in seeds, has been identified. In(More)
Structural alterations of the promoter region of the BCL-6 proto-oncogene represent the most frequent genetic alteration associated with non-Hodgkin lymphoma, a malignancy often deriving from germinal-centre B cells. The BCL-6 gene encodes a zinc-finger transcriptional repressor normally expressed in both B cells and CD4+ T cells within germinal centres,(More)
The phytohormone, abscisic acid (ABA), plays a variety of roles during seed development and in the plant's response to environmental stresses. To study the molecular action of ABA, we have isolated a single copy ABA-induced gene, HVA22, which is mapped to barley chromosome 1. The HVA22 gene can be induced by either ABA or the protein synthesis inhibitor,(More)
BACKGROUND Despite convenience, accessibility, and strong correlation to severity of Alzheimer disease (AD) pathology, medial temporal lobe atrophy (MTA) has not been used as a criterion in the diagnosis of prodromal and probable AD. METHODS Using a newly validated visual rating system, mean MTA scores of three bilateral medial temporal lobe structures(More)
Retinoid X receptor (RXR) belongs to a family of ligand-activated transcription factors that regulate many aspects of metazoan life. A class of nuclear receptors requires RXR as heterodimerization partner for their function. This places RXR in the crossroad of multiple distinct biological pathways. This and the fact that the debate on the endogenous ligand(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the incidence of stroke, risk factors for stroke, and outcomes in elderly stroke patients with delirium. DESIGN Cohort study with 12-month follow-up. SETTING Bankstown-Lidcombe Hospital, a 450-bed teaching hospital of the University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia. PARTICIPANTS One hundred fifty-six stroke patients aged 65(More)
BACKGROUND A number of vitamins and minerals have been shown to influence carcinogenesis in experimental animals. In humans, epidemiologic evidence suggests that intake of fruits and vegetables may reduce risk of esophageal and other cancers. Vitamins and minerals in these foods may contribute to the reduced cancer risk. The people of Linxian, China, have(More)