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Connexin43 (Cx43) has been reported to interact with caveolin (Cav)-1, but the role of this association and whether other members of the caveolin family bind Cx43 had yet to be established. In this study, we show that Cx43 coimmunoprecipitates and colocalizes with Cav-1 and Cav-2 in rat epidermal keratinocytes. The colocalization of Cx43 with Cav-1 was(More)
AIMS More than 40 mutations in the GJA1 gene encoding connexin43 (Cx43) have been linked to oculodentodigital dysplasia (ODDD), a pleiotropic, autosomal dominant disorder. We hypothesized that even with a significant reduction in the levels of Cx43 in a mutant mouse model of ODDD (Gja1(Jrt/+)) harbouring a G60S mutation (Cx43(G60S)), cardiomyocyte function(More)
Mutations in the gene encoding connexin-43 (Cx43) cause the human development disorder known as oculodentodigital dysplasia (ODDD). In this study, ODDD-linked Cx43 N-terminal mutants formed nonfunctional gap junction-like plaques and exhibited dominant-negative effects on the coupling conductance of coexpressed endogenous Cx43 in reference cell models.(More)
Connexin 30 (Cx30), a member of the large gap-junction protein family, plays a role in the homeostasis of the epidermis and inner ear through gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC). Here, we investigate the underlying mechanisms of four autosomal dominant Cx30 gene mutations that are linked to hearing loss and/or various skin diseases. First, the(More)
Connexins are tumor suppressors, and human breast connexin 26 (Cx26) and connexin 43 (Cx43) gap junctions are often down-regulated in breast cancer. We previously showed that Cx26 and Cx43 overexpressed in MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells inhibited tumor growth in vivo but not in two-dimensional cultures. In the current study, we show that overexpression of(More)
Connexins are gap junction proteins that assemble into channels that mediate direct intercellular communication. Connexins are well-documented tumor suppressors and are thought to regulate both cell growth and differentiation. As previously reported, most human breast tumors and cell lines down-regulate gap junctions or have defective gap junctional(More)
It has been well established that the restoration of connexin expression in tumor cells often leads to a partial reversion of tumor cell phenotypes and increased growth control. In this study, a less-aggressive variant of MDA-MB-435 cells obtained from the MDA-MB-435 cell line was engineered to express gap junctional intercellular communication(More)
Although there are currently 62 mutants of Cx43 (connexin43) that can cause ODDD (oculodentodigital dysplasia), only two mutants have also been reported to cause palmar plantar hyperkeratosis. To determine how mutants of Cx43 can lead to this skin disease, REKs (rat epidermal keratinocytes) were engineered to express an ODDD-associated Cx43 mutant always(More)
Connexin40 (Cx40)-containing gap-junction channels are expressed in the atrial myocardium and provide a low-resistance passage for rapid impulse propagation. A germline mutation in the GJA5 gene, which encodes Cx40, resulting in a truncated Cx40 (Q49X) was identified in a large Chinese family with lone (idiopathic) atrial fibrillation (AF). This mutation(More)
PURPOSE To determine the role of connexin43 (Cx43) and gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) in the response of the human retinal pigment epithelial cell line ARPE-19 to oxidative stress. METHODS ARPE-19 cells were treated with the chemical oxidant tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BOOH), and cell viability was assessed by the MTT(More)