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BACKGROUND The prognostic values of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and TILs subsets in breast cancer (BC) are uncertain. METHODS A systematic literature search (MEDLINE, Web of Science, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library to August 2014) was conducted for studies which met the eligibility criteria. The primary clinical outcome was defined as(More)
Recent studies have highlighted the role of androgen receptor (AR) as a prognostic biomarker of breast cancer. However, its predictive role in disease free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) still remains inconclusive. The present study aimed to retrospectively investigate the association between AR and survival outcomes in breast cancer and also(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The present study was designed to investigate the clinicopathological role of survivin-expressing circulating tumor cells (CTCs) and to determine whether the presence of survivin-expressing CTCs is an independent predictor of tumor recurrence following curative resection of gastric cancer. METHODS This study included 98 patients(More)
BACKGROUND We carried out a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the predictive roles of tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) in breast cancer. METHOD A PubMed and Web of Science literature search was designed. Random or fixed effect models were adopted to estimate the summary odds ratio (OR).(More)
The homing of proinflammatory (M1) and the "alternatively activated" anti-inflammatory (M2) macrophages plays a different role in the process of inflammation. Chemokines are the major mediators of macrophage chemotaxis, but how they differentially regulate M1 and M2 macrophages remains largely unclear. In the present study, we attempted to screen chemokines(More)
Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive subtype of breast cancer that is often associated with a poor prognosis. The aim of our study was to identify biomarkers predictive of TNBC progression. Primary TNBC breast tissue samples including four with metastasis and six without metastasis were subjected to Affymetrix GeneChip® analysis (human(More)
Whether and how cancer-associated fibroblasts induce trastuzumab resistance in HER2+ breast cancer is still elusive. We analyzed the percentage of cancer stem cells and multiple pathway status before and after trastuzumab treatment in HER2 positive breast cancer cells co-cultured with conditional medium (CM) from CAFs. The results suggest that CAFs induce(More)
The tumor suppressor gene HIC1 is frequently deleted or epigenetically silenced in human cancer, where its restoration may improve cancer prognosis. Here, we report results illuminating how HIC1 silencing alters effect or signals in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), which are crucial for its pathogenesis. HIC1 expression was silenced only in TNBC(More)
BACKGROUND Receptor status discordance, such as estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) status between primary breast cancer and metastatic lesions has been reported. The aim of this study was to evaluate the biopsy of clinically diagnosed metastatic lesions and to determine the changes in(More)
T-helper type 1 (Th1) immune response is involved in the development of protective immunity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Thus, an increase in Th1 and cellular immune responses should lead to enhanced anti-mycobacterial activity. In this study, we aimed to improve Th1 immune responses to a DNA vaccine by adding potentially immunostimulatory nucleotide(More)