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Neuronal arborization is regulated by cell-autonomous and nonautonomous mechanisms including endosomal signaling via BDNF/TrkB. The endosomal Na⁺/H⁺ exchanger 6 (NHE6) is mutated in a new autism-related disorder. NHE6 functions to permit proton leak from endosomes, yet the mechanisms causing disease are unknown. We demonstrate that loss of NHE6 results in(More)
Genome-wide characterization of the retinal transcriptome is central to understanding development, physiology and disorders of the visual system. Massively parallel, short-read sequencing of mRNA libraries was used to generate an extensive map of the transcriptome of the adult, murine neural retina. RNA-seq data strongly corroborates prior transcriptome(More)
Large conductance Ca(2+)-activated potassium (BK) channels play important roles in controlling neuronal excitability. We cloned the PISlo gene encoding BK channels from the spiny lobster, Panulirus interruptus. This gene shows 81-98% sequence identity to Slo genes previously found in other organisms. We isolated a number of splice variants of the PISlo cDNA(More)
Pathogenic pain is a common sign of many diseases. The mechanism is unclear. Activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4) plays a critical role in cell activation. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is an important molecule in pathogenic pain. This study aims to investigate the role of ATF4 in inducing BDNF release from microglial cells. In this study,(More)
Transient global ischemia (which closely resembles clinical situations such as cardiac arrest, near drowning or severe systemic hypotension during surgical procedures), often induces delayed neuronal death in the brain, especially in the hippocampal CA1 region. The mechanism of ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is not fully understood. In this study, we(More)
Subthreshold ionic currents, which activate below the firing threshold and shape the cell's firing properties, play important roles in shaping neural network activity. We examined the distribution and synaptic roles of the hyperpolarization-activated inward current (I(h)) in the pyloric network of the lobster stomatogastric ganglion (STG). I(h) channels are(More)
We cloned 10 full-length variants of PIIH, the gene for I(h) from the spiny lobster, Panulirus interruptus, using reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) and rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE). This gene shows a significant amount of alternative splicing in the S3-S4 and S4-S5 linkers, in the P-loop and the entire S6 transmembrane domain, in the cyclic(More)
To investigate the role of HIF-1α genetic polymorphism of c.1772C>T and c.1790G>A in the incidence and prognosis of gliomas in a Chinese cohort, a total of 387 gliomas patients and 437 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were recruited. The genetic polymorphism of c.1772C>T and c.1790G>A was determined. We found that the genotype distribution at c.1772C>T(More)
We recently found that neurotensin (NTS) and its primary receptor NTSR1 play a crucial role in glioblastoma cell proliferation and invasion. However, very little is known regarding the functional role of NTS/NTSR1 signaling in glioblastoma stem cells (GSCs). Here, we showed that NTSR1 is highly expressed in GSCs than its non-GSC counterparts.(More)
Activated microglia exerts both beneficial and deleterious effects on neurons, but the signaling mechanism controlling these distinct responses remain unclear. We demonstrated that treatment of microglial cultures with the PAR-2 agonist, 2-Furoyl-LIGRLO-NH2, evoked early transient release of BDNF, while sustained PAR-2 stimulation evoked the delayed release(More)