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A new cyclopeptide, grifficyclocin A (1), and a new aporphine alkaloid, griffinin (2) were isolated together with two known styryllactones from the stems of Goniothalamus griffithii. Their structures were identified spectroscopically and chemically. Among them, the griffinin (2) was isolated as the enol form in two tautomers, and the two known(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Plants of the genus Mahonia Nuttall (Berberidaceae) have a long history of medical use in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) for the treatment of a wide range of health disorders, such as tuberculosis, periodontitis, dysentery, pharyngolaryngitis, eczema, and wounds. In the theory of TCM, most Mahonia species exert the effects(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic progressive lung disease characterized by the development of subpleural foci of myofibroblasts that contribute to the exuberant fibrosis. Recent studies revealed that pleural mesothelial cells (PMCs) undergo epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and play a pivotal role in IPF. In animal model, bleomycin(More)
In this study, we determined the cardioprotective effects of S-propargyl-cysteine (SPRC), a structural analog of S-allylcysteine (SAC), using in vivo models of acute myocardial infarction (MI) and in vitro hypoxic cardiomyocytes models. MI was created in rats by ligating the left anterior descending coronary artery. Plasma enzymes levels and(More)
The dichloromethane fraction of Ferula ferulaeoides was analyzed by GC and GC-MS, and thirty-four compounds were identified. The main component in the fraction, guaiol (37.0%) was separated by chromatographic methods and identified from spectroscopic data, including 1H and 13C NMR, and X-ray crystallographic diffraction. Guaiol showed significant inhibition(More)
Previously, we have shown that bombesin-like peptide (BLP) promotes fetal lung development in rodents and humans but mediates postnatal lung injury in hyperoxic baboons. The present study analyzed the normal ontogeny of BLP and BLP receptors as well as the effects of BLP on cultured normal fetal baboon lungs. Transcripts encoding gastrin-releasing peptide(More)
Bioassay-directed fractionation using multidrug-resistant (MDR) Staphylococcus aureus resulted in the isolation of four new polyprenylated benzophloroglucinol derivatives, sampsoniones N-Q (1-4), and four known compounds, 7-epiclusianone (5) and sampsoniones B, L, and R, from the roots of Hypericum sampsonii. The structures of these compounds were(More)