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Enfuvirtide (T20) is the first and only HIV-1 fusion inhibitor approved for clinical use, but it can easily induce drug resistance limiting its practical application. A novel anti-HIV peptide, termed sifuvirtide, was designed based on the three-dimensional structure of the HIV-1 gp41 fusogenic core conformation. Here we report its in vitro anti-HIV potency,(More)
[1] Continuous CO measurements were obtained at Cheeka Peak Observatory (CPO, 48.3°N, 124.6°W, 480 m), a coastal site in Washington state, between 9 March 2001 and 31 May 2002. We analyze these observations as well as CO observations at ground sites throughout the North Pacific using the GEOS-CHEM global tropospheric chemistry model to examine the seasonal(More)
BACKGROUND Heart failure (HF) is a global public health problem of increasing importance. The association between acute exposure to air pollution and HF has been well established in developed countries, but little evidence was available in developing countries where air pollution levels were much higher. We conducted a time-series study to investigate the(More)
Garlic oil is a kind of fungicide, but little is known about its antifungal effects and mechanism. In this study, the chemical constituents, antifungal activity, and effects of garlic oil were studied with Penicillium funiculosum as a model strain. Results showed that the minimum fungicidal concentrations (MFCs, v/v) were 0.125 and 0.0313 % in agar medium(More)
The 972 bp length of transaldolase gene tal was cloned from Pichia stipitis CICC1960, encoding a 323 amino acid protein with a calculated molecular mass of 35.36 kDa and isoelectric point of 5.20. Real time PCR analysis demonstrated that the mRNA transcript level of constitutive tal gene rise on xylose, glucose, fructose, mannose, galactose and sucrose as(More)
The identity and expression of S-RNase genotypes in the self-compatible (SC) apricot cultivar 'Katy' and the self-incompatible (SI) cultivar 'Xinshiji' were examined. We used allele specific polymerase chain reaction (AS-PCR) and designated the alleles in 'Katy' and 'Xinshiji' as S(8)Sc and S(9)S(10), respectively. The S-RNase gene was expressed in style at(More)
AIM Salusin-β is a regulatory peptide that exerts negative inotropic effect on ventricular muscle, but its electrophysiological effects on ventricular myocytes are still unknown. METHODS Action potential and channel currents such as sodium current (I(N) (a) ), transient outward potassium current (I(to) ), steady-state potassium current (I(sus)(More)
Macrophages affect the magnitude and duration of inflammatory response in a functionally heterogeneous manner. The phenotype of macrophages is maintained through a reversible homeostatic mechanism. A number of determinants that modulate macrophage plasticity have been identified, although the precise mechanisms are not fully understood. In this study, we(More)
The filamentous fungus Fusarium oxysporum is known for its ability to ferment xylose-producing ethanol. However, efficiency of xylose utilization and ethanol yield was low. In this study, the transaldolase gene from Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been successfully expressed in F. oxysporum by an Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation method. The(More)