Qing-Li Zhao

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Recently, we have reported that ultrasound (US)-induced apoptosis is due to inertial cavitation and that extracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by inertial cavitation are not directly correlated with the apoptosis (Honda et al. 2002). The molecular mechanism of apoptosis induced by US is not yet sufficiently clear. Here, we examine the role(More)
Hyperthermia induced by heat stress (HS) inhibits the proliferation of cancer cells and induces their apoptosis. However, the mechanism underlying HS-induced apoptosis remains elusive. Here, we demonstrated a novel evidence that checkpoint kinase 1 (Chk1) plays crucial roles in the apoptosis and regulation of cell cycle progression in cells under HS. In(More)
MDM2 is a critical negative regulator of the p53 tumor suppressor protein. Recently, nutlins, small-molecule antagonists of MDM2, have been developed to inhibit the p53-MDM2 interaction and activate p53 signaling. The expressions of DR4 and DR5, Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) receptors, are regulated by p53. In this(More)
Heat stress and nitroxides induce reactive oxygen species (ROS) and proapoptotic effects. The underlying mechanisms remain largely elusive. Here we report that Tempo (2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-N-oxyl) is a potent thermosensitizer for promoting cell death in human leukemia U937 cells. Treatment with Tempo (10 mM, 37 degrees C/30 min) and hyperthermia (44(More)
We examined the gene expression of human leukemia Molt-4 cells treated with non-thermal low intensity pulsed ultrasound. Six hours after 0.3W/cm(2) pulsed ultrasound treatment, apoptosis (24+/-3.3%, mean+/-SD) with minimal cell lysis was observed. Of approximately 16,600 genes analyzed, BCL2-associated athanogene 3 (BAG3), DnaJ (Hsp40) homolog, subfamily B,(More)
To determine the effects of echo-contrast agents (ECAs) on ultrasound (US)-induced apoptosis and cell lysis, human myelomonocytic lymphoma U937 cells in suspension were exposed to 1 MHz continuous waves US for 1 min at an intensity of 0.5, 1.0, 2.0 or 4.0 W/cm(2) with or without non-shell type ECA, Levovist (2 mg/ml), and shell type, Optison (1 microl/ml)(More)
To obtain an optimal condition for ultrasound (US)-induced apoptosis that could be useful for cancer therapy, we applied low intensity pulsed US to sonicate U937 cells in vitro. Cells were then incubated at different time intervals before measuring apoptosis. The apoptosis was assessed by DNA fragmentation and phosphatidylserine externalization. The pattern(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) act as a mediator of ionizing radiation-induced cellular damage. Previous studies have indicated that MnSOD (SOD2) plays a critical role in protection against ionizing radiation in mammalian cells. In this study, we constructed two types of stable HeLa cell lines overexpressing SOD2, HeLa S3/SOD2 and T-REx HeLa/SOD2, to(More)
The neuroprotective effects of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and the major signaling pathways involved in these were examined using primary cultured mouse cortical neurons subjected to H(2)O(2)-induced oxidative stress. The specific function of the PDGF beta-receptor (PDGFR-beta) was examined by the selective deletion of the corresponding gene using(More)
Cinobufotalin (CB), one of the bufadienolides prepared from toad venom, was investigated for its cytotoxicity, and the underneath mechanism involved. We primarily utilized DNA fragmentation assay and microscopic observation to assess the effect of various doses of CB in human lymphoma U937 cells. Following that, we investigated other parameters involved in(More)