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Recently, we have reported that ultrasound (US)-induced apoptosis is due to inertial cavitation and that extracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by inertial cavitation are not directly correlated with the apoptosis (Honda et al. 2002). The molecular mechanism of apoptosis induced by US is not yet sufficiently clear. Here, we examine the role(More)
Heat stress and nitroxides induce reactive oxygen species (ROS) and proapoptotic effects. The underlying mechanisms remain largely elusive. Here we report that Tempo (2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-N-oxyl) is a potent thermosensitizer for promoting cell death in human leukemia U937 cells. Treatment with Tempo (10 mM, 37 degrees C/30 min) and hyperthermia (44(More)
Hyperthermia induced by heat stress (HS) inhibits the proliferation of cancer cells and induces their apoptosis. However, the mechanism underlying HS-induced apoptosis remains elusive. Here, we demonstrated a novel evidence that checkpoint kinase 1 (Chk1) plays crucial roles in the apoptosis and regulation of cell cycle progression in cells under HS. In(More)
Human histiocytic lymphoma U937 cells were exposed to continuous 1-MHz ultrasound (US) for therapeutic use, (0 approximately 6.5 W/cm(2) (I(SPTA)). Apoptosis and its related end points were examined by flow cytometry. Fraction of cells with low mitochondria membrane potential were observed after sonication and significant superoxide and peroxide formation,(More)
The aim of this study was to examine whether, a new synthesized class of benzocycloalkene derivatives (BCs), enhances apoptosis induced by hyperthermia. The combined effects of hyperthermia (44°C, 20 min) and BCs on apoptosis in human lymphoma U937 cells were investigated. Among the tested compounds (BC1 ∼ 9), the combined treatment of 10 μM BC2 or BC4 and(More)
To determine the effects of echo-contrast agents (ECAs) on ultrasound (US)-induced apoptosis and cell lysis, human myelomonocytic lymphoma U937 cells in suspension were exposed to 1 MHz continuous waves US for 1 min at an intensity of 0.5, 1.0, 2.0 or 4.0 W/cm(2) with or without non-shell type ECA, Levovist (2 mg/ml), and shell type, Optison (1 microl/ml)(More)
Coumarin (1,2-benzopyrone) is a natural substance that has shown antitumor activity in vivo. The major human metabolite of coumarin, 7-hydroxycoumarin (7-HC), is the active form of the drug. While the exact mechanism(s) of action of coumarin is unknown, it has been shown previously that this drug possesses immunomodulatory activity in vitro and in vivo. The(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) act as a mediator of ionizing radiation-induced cellular damage. Previous studies have indicated that MnSOD (SOD2) plays a critical role in protection against ionizing radiation in mammalian cells. In this study, we constructed two types of stable HeLa cell lines overexpressing SOD2, HeLa S3/SOD2 and T-REx HeLa/SOD2, to(More)
Cinobufotalin (CB), one of the bufadienolides prepared from toad venom, was investigated for its cytotoxicity, and the underneath mechanism involved. We primarily utilized DNA fragmentation assay and microscopic observation to assess the effect of various doses of CB in human lymphoma U937 cells. Following that, we investigated other parameters involved in(More)
The ability of the derivatives of macrosphelides (MS) core (simplified 16-membered core structure of natural MS) to induce apoptosis in human lymphoma U937 cells was investigated. Of the five compounds examined, MS core with ketones at 8 and 14 positions (MS5) showed the highest potency to induce apoptosis, while another, MS3 with one ketone, was minimal(More)