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Graphene is a single layer of sp(2)-bonded carbons that has unique and highly attractive electronic, mechanical, and thermal properties. Consequently, the potential impact of graphene and its derivatives (e.g., graphene oxide, GO) on human and environmental health has raised considerable concerns. In this study, we have carried out a systematic(More)
BACKGROUND Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a heterogeneous disease with multiple underlying causative genetic mutations. The B-type Raf proto-oncogene (BRAF) plays an important role in the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling cascade during CRC. The presence of BRAFV600E mutation can determine the response of a tumor to chemotherapy. However, the(More)
BACKGROUND Although SYBR Gold or SYBR Green I have been used in the loading buffer as a DNA stain safer than ethidium bromide for agarose gel electrophoresis, electrophoretic mobility of DNA is altered and thus DNA fragment size cannot be accurately determined. METHODS A method using GelRed in the loading buffer was developed to stain DNA fragments in(More)
A group of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitors, such as 3-methyladenine (3-MA) and wortmannin, have been widely used as autophagy inhibitors based on their inhibitory effect on class III PI3K activity, which is known to be essential for induction of autophagy. In this study, we systematically examined and compared the effects of these two inhibitors(More)
Graphene is a monolayer of tightly packed carbon atoms that possesses many interesting properties and has numerous exciting applications. In this work, we report the antibacterial activity of two water-dispersible graphene derivatives, graphene oxide (GO) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) nanosheets. Such graphene-based nanomaterials can effectively inhibit(More)
Duckweeds are a common macrophyte in paddy and aquatic environments. Here, we investigated arsenic (As) accumulation, speciation and tolerance of the rootless duckweed Wolffia globosa and its potential for As phytofiltration. When grown with 1 microm arsenate, W. globosa accumulated two to 10 times more As than four other duckweed or Azolla species tested.(More)
This work reported the systematic influence of titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) with a diameter of 3 nm on mice. Mice were repeated intratracheally instilled with TiO2 NPs, once per-week for 4 consecutive weeks, at total dose of 13.2 mg/kg. At 28 days post-instillation, the biochemical parameters in broncboalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and brain(More)
BACKGROUND We sought to determine the impact of delays to admission from the Emergency Department (ED) on inpatient length of stay (LOS), and IP cost. METHODS We conducted a retrospective analysis of 13,460 adult (>or= 18 yrs) ED visits between April 1 2006 and March 30 2007 at a tertiary care teaching hospital with two ED sites in which the mode of(More)
Fluorescent Ⅱ-Ⅳ Quantum dots (QDs) have demonstrated to be highly promising biological probes for various biological and biomedical applications due to their many attractive merits, such as robust photostabilty, strong photoluminescence, and size-tunable fluorescence. Along with wide ranging bioapplications, concerns about their biosafety have attracted(More)
Filamentous actin binding protein neurabin I (NrbI) targets protein phosphatase-1 (PP1) to specific postsynaptic microdomains, exerting critical control over AMPA receptor (AMPAR)-mediated synaptic transmission. NrbI-targeted synaptic PP1, which promotes synaptic depression upon long-term depression (LTD) stimuli, serves to prevent synaptic depression under(More)