Qing-Guo Ren

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Dysfunction of proteasome contributes to the accumulation of the abnormally hyperphosphorylated tau in Alzheimer's disease. However, whether tau hyperphosphorylation and accumulation affect the activity of proteasome is elusive. Here we found that a moderate tau phosphorylation activated the trypsin-like activity of proteasome, whereas further(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the temporal and spatial relationship between phospho-Rb (ser 795) and neuronal apoptotic death in rats subjected to transient focal cerebral ischemia. We found increased phosphorylation of Rb and translocation from neuronal nucleus to cytoplasm in the penumbra zone at 12 h, 1 day, 3 days and 7 days after middle(More)
The pathogenesis of diabetic neurological complications is not fully understood. Diabetes mellitus (DM) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) are characterized by amyloid deposits. Glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of AD and DM. Here we tried to investigate the production of amyloid-β peptides (A β) and phosphorylation of(More)
More than 50% of multiple sclerosis patients develop cognitive impairment. However, the underlying mechanisms are still unclear, and there is no effective treatment. LINGO-1 (LRR and Ig domain containing NOGO receptor interacting protein 1) has been identified as an inhibitor of oligodendrocyte differentiation and myelination. Using the experimental(More)
Social isolation (SI) is considered as a chronic stress. Here, middle-aged rats (8 months) were group or isolation reared for 6 weeks. Following the initial two-week period of rearing, citalopram (10 mg/kg i.p.) was administered for 28 days. Changes in recognition memory, depression and anxiety-like behavior, and phosphorylated tau were investigated. We(More)
Here, we investigated the effect of escitalopram pretreatment on protein kinase A (PKA)-induced tau hyperphosphorylation and spatial memory deficits in rats using western blot and behavioral tests, respectively. We demonstrated that escitalopram effectively ameliorated tau hyperphosphorylation and the spatial memory deficits induced by PKA activation. We(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between cell cycle reentry and apoptosis in cultured cortical neurons following oxygen–glucose deprivation (OGD). We found that the percentage of neurons with BrdU uptake, TUNEL staining, and colocalized BrdU uptake and TUNEL staining was increased relative to control 6, 12 and 24 h after 1 h of OGD.(More)
The clinical potentials of radiotherapy could not be achieved completely because of the inaccurate positioning and inherent radioresistance of tumours. In this study, a novel active-targeting upconversion theranostic agent (arginine-glycine-aspartic acid-labelled BaYbF5: 2% Er(3+) nanocube) was developed for the first time to address these clinical demands.(More)
Proteasome inhibition has been observed in many neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease. Here, the effect of proteasome inhibition on the morphology of cultured rat cortical astrocytes was investigated. Increasing evidence suggests that the function of astrocytes is related closely to its morphology. Lactacystin, a(More)
Increasing evidence indicates that proteasome inhibition occurs in multiple central nervous system (CNS) disorders, including Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD). Compared with the extensive studies on neurons, little attention is paid on the proteasome inhibition in astrocytes. Here, we demonstrated that lactacystin inhibited proteasome(More)