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During corticogenesis, cells from the medial ganglionic eminence (MGE) migrate tangentially into the neocortical anlage. Here we report that gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), via GABAA receptors, regulates tangential migration. In embryonic telencephalic slices, bicuculline produced an outward current in migrating MGE-derived cells in the neocortex,(More)
The compartmentalization of glycolytic enzymes into specialized organelles, the glycosomes, allows the bloodstream form of Trypanosoma brucei to rely solely on glycolysis for its energy production. The biogenesis of glycosomes in these parasites has been studied intensively as a potential target for chemotherapy. We have adapted the recently developed(More)
Mice with a knock-in mutation (Y524S) in the type I ryanodine receptor (Ryr1), a mutation analogous to the Y522S mutation that is associated with malignant hyperthermia in humans, die when exposed to short periods of temperature elevation (≥37 °C). We show here that treatment with 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleoside (AICAR) prevents this(More)
The nature of mendelian inheritance assumes that all tissues in which a phenotype of interest is expressed have a uniform diploid karyotype, which is often not the case in cancer cells. Owing to nonrandom gains of chromosomes, trisomies are present in many cases of leukemia and other malignances. We used polymorphisms in the genes encoding thiopurine(More)
The human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) oncogene is an attractive therapeutic target for the treatment of HER2-addicted tumors. Although lapatinib, an FDA-approved small-molecule HER2 and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), represents a significant therapeutic advancement in the(More)
In addition to exerting long-term neurotrophic influences on developmental process such as neuronal survival and neuritic outgrowth, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been reported to modulate synaptic transmission in the short-term. Considerable evidence indicates that BDNF acutely modulates NMDA receptor-mediated synaptic activity. However,(More)
Glutamate receptors are the predominant mediators of excitatory synaptic signals in the central nervous system and are important in learning and memory as well as in diverse neuropathologies including epilepsy and ischemia. Their primary function is to receive the chemical signal glutamate (1), which binds to an extracellular domain in the receptor, and(More)
Recent advances in long-term bone marrow (BM) culture techniques have allowed investigators to dissect cellular components responsible for lympho hematopoiesis. Consequently, a number of "stromal" cell clones have been developed which are capable of supporting B lineage lymphocyte growth and proliferation in vitro by direct cell-cell interactions and the(More)
Selenoproteins, in particular thioredoxin reductase, have been implicated in countering oxidative damage occurring during aging but the molecular functions of these proteins have not been extensively investigated in different animal models. Here we demonstrate that TRXR-1 thioredoxin reductase, the sole selenoprotein in Caenorhabditis elegans, does not(More)
The selenoprotein thioredoxin reductase 1 (TrxR1) has in recent years been identified as a promising anticancer drug target. A high-throughput assay for discovery of novel compounds targeting the enzyme is therefore warranted. Herein, we describe a single-enzyme, dual-purpose assay for simultaneous identification of inhibitors and substrates of TrxR1. Using(More)