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Separation of molecules based on molecular size in zeolites with appropriate pore aperture dimensions has given rise to the definition of "molecular sieves" and has been the basis for a variety of separation applications. We show here that for a class of chabazite zeolites, what appears to be "molecular sieving" based on dimension is actually separation(More)
The gelatinization of waxy (very low amylose) and high-amylose maize starches by ultra-high hydrostatic pressure (up to 6 GPa) was investigated in situ using synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction on samples held in a diamond anvil cell (DAC). The starch pastes, made by mixing starch and water in a 1:1 ratio, were pressurized and measured at room temperature.(More)
One of the limitations to the widespread use of hydrogen as an energy carrier is its storage in a safe and compact form. Herein, recent developments in effective high-capacity hydrogen storage materials are reviewed, with a special emphasis on light compounds, including those based on organic porous structures, boron, nitrogen, and aluminum. These elements(More)
The synthesis, crystal structure and dehydrogenation performances of two new H-enriched compounds, Mg(BH4)2(NH3BH3)2 and Mg(BH4)2·(NH3)2(NH3BH3), are reported. Due to the introduction of ammonia ligands, the Mg(BH4)2·(NH3)2(NH3BH3) exhibits dramatically improved dehydrogenation properties over its parent compound.
A new two-dimensional zeolitic imidazolate framework (named as ZIF-L) was synthesized in zinc salt and 2-methylimidazole (Hmim) aqueous solution at room temperature. ZIF-L (Zn(mim)2·(Hmim)1/2·(H2O)3/2 or C10H16N5O3/2Zn) has unique cushion-shaped cavities and leaf-like crystal morphology, and exhibits excellent CO2 adsorption properties.
The tunnel-structured Na0.44MnO2 is considered as a promising cathode material for sodium-ion batteries because of its unique three-dimensional crystal structure. Multiangular rod-shaped Na0.44MnO2 have been first synthesized via a reverse microemulsion method and investigated as high-rate and long-life cathode materials for Na-ion batteries. The(More)
Cobalt (or iron)-polyphenol coordination polymers with crystalline frameworks are synthesized for the first time. The crystalline framework is formed by the assembly of metal ions and polyphenol followed by oxidative self-polymerization of the organic ligands (polyphenol) during hydrothermal treatment in alkaline condition. As a result, such coordination(More)
Solid-state reactions between sodium hydride and sodium hydroxide are unusual among hydride-hydroxide systems since hydrogen can be stored reversibly. In order to understand the relationship between hydrogen uptake/release properties and phase/structure evolution, the dehydrogenation and hydrogenation behavior of the Na-O-H system has been investigated in(More)
Under compression, simple s-bonded alkali metals pass through the sequence of phases characterized by lowering in symmetry, coordination number and packing density [1]. Structural transformations in these metals are controlled by the combined effects of electrostatic (Madelung) and electronic (band-structure) contributions to the crystal energy. The latter(More)
Rechargeable sodium-ion batteries are proposed as the most appropriate alternative to lithium batteries due to the fast consumption of the limited lithium resources. Due to their improved safety, polyanion framework compounds have recently gained attention as potential candidates. With the earth-abundant element Fe being the redox center, the uniform(More)