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Separation of molecules based on molecular size in zeolites with appropriate pore aperture dimensions has given rise to the definition of "molecular sieves" and has been the basis for a variety of separation applications. We show here that for a class of chabazite zeolites, what appears to be "molecular sieving" based on dimension is actually separation(More)
One of the limitations to the widespread use of hydrogen as an energy carrier is its storage in a safe and compact form. Herein, recent developments in effective high-capacity hydrogen storage materials are reviewed, with a special emphasis on light compounds, including those based on organic porous structures, boron, nitrogen, and aluminum. These elements(More)
The gelatinization of waxy (very low amylose) and high-amylose maize starches by ultra-high hydrostatic pressure (up to 6 GPa) was investigated in situ using synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction on samples held in a diamond anvil cell (DAC). The starch pastes, made by mixing starch and water in a 1:1 ratio, were pressurized and measured at room temperature.(More)
Pressure-induced charge transfer from Bi to Ir/Ru is observed in the hexagonal perovskites Ba(3+n)BiM(2+n)O(9+3n) (n=0,1; M=Ir,Ru). These compounds show first-order, circa 1% volume contractions at room temperature above 5 GPa, which are due to the large reduction in the effective ionic radius of Bi when the 6s shell is emptied on oxidation, compared to the(More)
A new two-dimensional zeolitic imidazolate framework (named as ZIF-L) was synthesized in zinc salt and 2-methylimidazole (Hmim) aqueous solution at room temperature. ZIF-L (Zn(mim)2·(Hmim)1/2·(H2O)3/2 or C10H16N5O3/2Zn) has unique cushion-shaped cavities and leaf-like crystal morphology, and exhibits excellent CO2 adsorption properties.
Solid-state reactions between sodium hydride and sodium hydroxide are unusual among hydride-hydroxide systems since hydrogen can be stored reversibly. In order to understand the relationship between hydrogen uptake/release properties and phase/structure evolution, the dehydrogenation and hydrogenation behavior of the Na-O-H system has been investigated in(More)
High voltage (5-V class) spinel LiCr0.2Ni0.4Mn1.4O4 is one of the most promising cathode materials to meet the energy requirements of lithium-ion batteries for electric vehicles and hybrid electric vehicles. For the mass production of this material (1 kg or higher), different synthesis routes will lead to different electrochemical performances, even with(More)
Due to its high hydrogen density (14.8 wt %) and low dehydrogenation peak temperature (130 °C), Zr(BH4 )4 ⋅8 NH3 is considered to be one of the most promising hydrogen-storage materials. To further decrease its dehydrogenation temperature and suppress its ammonia release, a strategy of introducing LiBH4 and Mg(BH4 )2 was applied to this system. Zr(BH4 )4 ⋅8(More)