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The network delay upper-bound analysis problem is of fundamental importance to real-time applications in Network-on-Chip (NoC). In the paper, we revisit a state-of-the-art analysis model for real-time communication in wormhole NoC with priority-based preemptive arbitration and show that the model may provide pessimistic or even incorrect network delay(More)
Effectors are essential virulence proteins produced by a broad range of parasites, including viruses, bacteria, fungi, oomycetes, protozoa, insects and nematodes. Upon entry into host cells, pathogen effectors manipulate specific physiological processes or signaling pathways to subvert host immunity. Most effectors, especially those of eukaryotic pathogens,(More)
This paper considers online energy-efficient scheduling of virtual machines (VMs) for Cloud data centers. Each request is associated with a start-time, an end-time, a processing time and a capacity demand from a Physical Machine (PM). The goal is to schedule all of the requests non-preemptively in their start-time-end-time windows, subjecting to PM capacity(More)
—Cloud Data centers aim to provide reliable, sustainable and scalable services for all kinds of applications. Resource scheduling is one of keys to cloud services. To model and evaluate different scheduling policies and algorithms, we propose FlexCloud, a flexible and scalable simulator that enables users to simulate the process of initializing cloud data(More)
Anycast is proposed in IPv6 as a new communication model and becoming increasingly important. Anycast refers to the transmission of data from a source node to (any) one member in the group of designed recipients in a network. The QoS anycast routing problem is a nonlinear combination optimization problem, which is proved to be a NP complete problem. A(More)
Plant pathogens secrete an arsenal of effector proteins to impair host immunity. Some effectors possess enzymatic activities that can modify their host targets. Previously, we demonstrated that a Phytophthora sojae RXLR effector Avr3b acts as a Nudix hydrolase when expressed in planta; and this enzymatic activity is required for full virulence of P. sojae(More)
—The traveling salesman problem (TSP) is one of the most challenging NP-hard problems. It has widely applications in various disciplines such as physics, biology, computer science and so forth. The best known approximation algorithm for Symmetric TSP (STSP) whose cost matrix satisfies the triangle inequality (called STSP) is Christofides algorithm which was(More)
Urban landmarks are frequently used in way-finding and representations of spatial knowledge. However, assessing the salience of urban landmarks is difficult. Moreover, no method exists to rapidly extract urban landmarks from basic geographic information databases. The goal of this paper is to solve these problems from the dual aspects of spatial knowledge(More)
A loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay that directly detects Colletotrichum truncatum in diseased soybean tissues is described, thus allowing rapid diagnosis of soybean anthracnose. Using the target gene Rpb1 (that codes for the large subunit of RNA polymerase II), we designed and screened a set of species-specific primers allowing(More)