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Mineral arsenicals have long been used in traditional medicines for various diseases, yet arsenic can be highly toxic and carcinogenic. Arsenic in traditional medicines typically comes from deliberate addition for therapeutic purposes, mainly in the form of mineral arsenicals, including orpiment (As2S3), realgar (As4S4), and arsenolite (contains arsenic(More)
BACKGROUND Diagnostic delay of Crohn's disease presents a challenge, and may increase the abdominal surgery rate. There have been no reports regarding diagnostic delay in Chinese patients. AIMS We aimed to evaluate the impact of diagnostic delay on outcomes of Chinese Crohn's disease patients, and identify potential risk factors for the delay. METHODS(More)
Oleanolic acid (OA) is a natural triperpenoid that protects against a variety of hepatotoxicants such as carbon tetrachloride, cadmium, acetaminophen, and bromobenzene. To gain insight into the molecular mechanisms of this generalized hepatoprotection, genomic analysis was performed on mouse and rat livers after OA treatment. Mice and rats were given OA at(More)
Neurotrophic factors such as glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) are considered to contribute to the development, maintenance and survival of neurons, glia and oligodendrocytes. Astroglia are a major source of various neurotrophic factors. Thus, enhancement of astroglia-mediated neurotrophic factor(More)
Constrained density functional theory (DFT) is a useful tool for studying electron transfer (ET) reactions. It can straightforwardly construct the charge-localized diabatic states and give a direct measure of the inner-sphere reorganization energy. In this work, a method is presented for calculating the electronic coupling matrix element (Hab) based on(More)
The present study was undertaken to investigate the protective effects of icariin on the learning and memory abilities in Alzheimer's disease model rats and explore its protection mechanisms. Beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta) is a key etiology in Alzheimer's disease and targeting on Abeta production and assembly is a new therapeutic strategy. Six-month (400-600(More)
Neurofibrillary tangles, one of the characteristic pathological features of Alzheimer's disease (AD), are composed of paired helical filaments mainly with hyperphosphorylated tau protein. Inhibition of the hyperphosphorylation of tau protein is an effective therapy for AD. The current study was designed to investigate the protective effects of alkaloids(More)
The centrality of vertices has been a key issue in network analysis. For unweighted networks where edges are just present or absent and have no weight attached, many central-ity measures have been presented, such as degree, betweenness, closeness, eigenvector and subgraph centrality. There has been a growing need to design centrality measures for weighted(More)
From 30 June to 24 September in 2003 ecosystem respiration (Re) in two alpine meadows on the Tibetan Plateau were measured using static chamber- and gas chromatography- (GC) based techniques. Simultaneously, plant removal treatments were set to partition Re into plant autotrophic respiration (Ra) and microbial heterotrophic respiration (Rh). Results(More)
Extremist political movements have proliferated on the web in recent years due to the advent of minimal publication costs coupled with near universal access, resulting in what appears to be an abundance of groups that hover on the fringe of many socially divisive issues. Whether white-supremacist, neo- Nazi, anti-abortion, black separatist, radical(More)